The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Permanent Secretariat

Thirteenth Meeting of the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea
Against Pollution

15-17 February 2006, Istanbul, Turkey

Black Sea Integrated Monitoring and Assessment Program BSIMAP 2006-2010, Black Sea

Problem Eutrophication

Policy Question: Are the regional effort to combat eutrophication effective are properly reflected in concentrations of nutrients in the Black Sea

Expected results Trend analysis in nutrients

Criteria for assessment 0 trend or decreasing trends for nitrogen and phosphorus compounds

In place Recommended methodologies for nutrient analysis, national QA/QS, external QA/QS

Actions required incorporation of BSIMAP stations and frequencies in national monitoring programs; correspondence of national measurements to the measurements obtained with recommended Nutrient Analysis Manual; implementation of recommended analytical techniques, QA/QS

Media: Water

Parameter Status

BG

GE

RO

RU

TR

TR

UA

n- number of stations, f - frequencies   n f n f n f n f     n f n f
m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
Salinity m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
O2 (saturation and dissolved) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
TSS (filter 0.45 µm) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
Secchi m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
P (PO4) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
P total m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
N (NH4) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
N (NO3) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
N (NO2) m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
N, Total m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
SiO4 m 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
pH op (site specific)                            
BOD5 op (site specific)                            
Parameters to be introduced in the 2005-2011                              
TOC op 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
H2S op 5 7 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4
Events of Hypoxia, (<30% of saturation) op (to be reported if occur)                            
                               

Media: Water

Policy Questions: What are priority pollutants in the Black Sea and their impact on ecosystem and human health

Purpose control of background values; trend analysis if any

Criteria for assessment: background values

Parameter

Status

BG

GE

RO

RU

TR

TR

UA

    n f n f n f n f n f n f n f

Oil Pollution

                             

Petroleum Hydrocarbons

m

5 4 5 4 21 4 9 4 63 2 3 4 14 4

Oil slicks

op

                           
                               

Heavy Metals

                             

Cd

m

5 1 5 1 21 1 5 1 63 2 3 4 14

1

Cu

m

5 1 5 1 21 1 5 1 63 2 3 4 14

1

Hg

m

5 1 5 1 21 1 5 1 63 2 3 4 1

1

Pb

m

5 1 5 1 21 1 5 1 63 2 3 4 14

1

Fe

op

                           

Zn

op

                           

Cr

op

                           

Mn

op

                           

Co

op

                           

Lindane

op

                           

Phenols volatile

op

                           

Phenol chlorinated

op

                           

Detergents

op

                           

PAHs

op

                           

137Cs

op

                           

90Sr

op

                           

Marine litter (specific)

In development

                           

Satellite Images on (on the regional level mandatory)

op

                           
                               

Policy Issues: does pollution reduction in hazardous substances occur?

Media: Bottom Sediments

Purpose trend analysis

Assessment Criteria background values

Actions to be undertaken introduce monitoring of bottom sediments in the national monitoring programs;

Conduct Black Sea training for indicated pollutant classes and to prepare a Black Sea operational manual for analysis of hazardous substances

regular Black Sea survey and mapping with a frequency consistent to the European Marine Strategy (every 6 years as recommended by WFD)

regular intercomparison exercise

  Dimension BG   GE   RO   RU   TR   UA  
Particle size m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Description of BS m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Cd m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Cu m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Hg m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Pb m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
DDT m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
DDD m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
DDE m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Lindane m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
PCBs m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Hydrocarbons Total m 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
PAHs op 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Phenols Chlorinated op                        
Co op                        
Cr op                        
Fe op                        
Zn op                        
TOC op                        
Calcination losses op                        
P total op                        
NI op                        
Al op                        
fraction op                        
137Cs op                        
90Sr op                        
total radioactivity op                        
Any new substances qualified as priority for the Black Sea                          
                           

Bathing Water Quality

Policy Questions: is bathing water quality in the Black Sea safe for human health

Total Coliforms op                        
Fecal Coliforms op                        
Fecal Streptococci op                        
Visual Observations op                        

Policy issues: what is response of biodiversity on main pollution and destruction of habitats?

BIOTA                          
                           
Chl a m 4   4   4   4   4   4  
Phytoplankton m 4   4   4   4   4   4  
Mesozooplankton m 4   4   4   4   4   4  
Biomass of Noctiluca m 4   4   4   4   4   4  
Macrophytobenthos m 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Macrozoobenthos m 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Fish landing (annually) m 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Fish stocks (annually) op 1   1   1   1   1   1  

Pollutants in Biota

Policy Issue: does pollution of biota exceed the human consumption safety limits?

how does pollution and eutrophication affect the major stocks of marine living resources?

   

BG

GE

RO

RU

TR

UA

Pollutants in Biota                          
bivalves, meat m                        
Anchovies, meat

sprat , meat

turbot, meat

horse mackerel, meat

m                        
                           
                           
Cd m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Cu m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Hg m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Pb m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
DDT m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
DDD m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
DDE m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lindane m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
PCBs m 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Phenols Chlorinated op                        
Co op                        
Zn op                        
Fe op                        
                           
Ni op                        
Cr op                        
PAHs op                        
Cs op                        
Tr op                        
Sr op                        
total radioactivity op                        

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