The Europaen Commission The Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution
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Report Contents

Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2 Challenges 3 The Basis for Cooperative Action 4 Policy Actions Conclusions
Annex I. Basis for Cooperative Measures Annex II. Policy Actions Annex III. LBS Report 2007: Land Based Pressures on the Black Sea Annex VI. Nationally Reported Date Annex V. Black Sea Monitoring And Assessment Program
List of Tables List of Figures

Implementation of the Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea

2002 - 2007

Implementation of the Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea

Annex II. Policy Actions

II.1. Policy issues/Regulations

Cross-sectoral legislation

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Water Act (From. SG. 67/27 Jul 1999, amend. SG. 81/6 Oct 2000, amend. SG. 34/6 Apr 2001, amend. SG. 41/24 Apr 2001, amend. SG. 108/14 Dec 2001, amend. SG. 47/10 May 2002, amend. SG. 74/30 Jul 2002, amend. SG. 91/25 Sep 2002, amend. SG. 42/9 May 2003, amend. SG. 69/5 Aug 2003, amend. SG. 84/23 Sep 2003, suppl. SG. 107/9 Dec 2003, amend. SG. 70/10 Aug 2004, amend. SG. 18/25 Feb 2005, amend. SG. 77/27 Sep 2005, amend. SG. 94/25 Nov 2005, amend. SG. 29/7 Apr 2006, amend. SG. 30/11 Apr 2006, amend. SG. 36/2 May 2006, amend. SG. 65/11 Aug 2006, corr. SG. 66/15 Aug 2006, amend. SG. 105/22 Dec 2006, amend. SG. 108/29 Dec 2006, amend. SG. 22/13 Mar 2007, amend. SG. 59/20 Jul 2007) Law on Water (1997) amended in 2000 Water Law no. 107/1996 modified and supplemented by the Law no 310/ 28.06.2004, modified and supplemented by the Law 112/2006 The Constitution of the Russian Federation (1993)Everyone has the right to favourable environment, reliable information about its state and a restitution of damage inflicted on his health and property by environmental transgressions (Art. 42);Everyone is obliged to preserve the nature and the environment, carefully treat the natural wealth (Art. 58).   Water Law no. 831 Water Code (1995)
Environmental Protection Act (EPA), (Prom. SG. 91/25 Sep 2002, corr. SG. 98/18 Oct 2002, amend. SG. 86/30 Sep 2003, amend. SG. 70/10 Aug 2004, amend. SG. 74/13 Sep 2005, amend. SG. 77/27 Sep 2005, amend. SG. 88/4 Nov 2005, amend. SG. 95/29 Nov 2005, amend. SG. 105/29 Dec 2005, amend. SG. 30/11 Apr 2006, amend. SG. 65/11 Aug 2006, amend. SG. 82/10 Oct 2006, amend. SG. 99/8 Dec 2006, amend. SG. 102/19 Dec 2006, amend. SG. 105/22 Dec 2006, amend. SG. 31/13 Apr 2007, amend. SG. 41/22 May 2007, amend. SG. 89/6 Nov 2007) Law on Environmental Protection(1996) Law on Environmental Protection 137/1995, addit by Law.no 159/1999, Law no 294/2003, modified by Governmental Emergency Ordinance 195/2005 approval by Law 265/2005   Water Code of the Russian Federation (2006) Environmental Protection Law (9/8/1983) Environmental Protection Law (1991)
Regulation no.12/ 2002 concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water Law on Mineral Resources (1996) Law 458/2002 concerning the quality of drinking water,Law 311/2004, G.D 974/2004 Federal Law On Environmental Protection (2002) Coastal Law (1990/92-3621) Law on the State Program of Protection and Rehabilitation of the Environment of the Black and Azov Seas (22.03.2001)
Regulation no. 9/2001 on the Quality of Water Intended for Human Consumption Law on Management and Protection of the Sea Coast and River Banks/2000 Emergency Ordinance 202/2002 approved by Law 280/2003 on Integrated Coastal Zone Management Land Code of the Russian Federation (2001) Water Pollution Control Regulations (2004) Law on Drinking Water and Drinking Water Supply (2002)
Law for organization of the Black sea coast (State Gazette, issue 48 from 15 June 2007, enforced on 1st January 2008, amended in State Gazette, issue 36 from 4th April 2008)   Order 661/2006 for approval of Normative for technical documents required for water management authorizations, permanent since 2006. Federal Law On Subsoil (1992) Regulation concerning water for human consumption/Official Gazette No. 25730 - 17 February 2005. Law on the State Program of the Development of Water Industry (2002)
Regulation № 5/2007 for monitoring of water (State Gazette, issue 44 from 23 April 2007, enforced on 5th June 2007)   Order 662/2006 for approval the procedure and competent authorities for issuing water management authorizations, since 2006 permanent Federal Law On Environmental Assessment (1995) Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment /Official Gazette No 25318/16 December 2003  
    Government Agricultural Strategy Plan, adopted in 1999. Federal Law on Internal Sea Waters, Territorial Sea and Adjacent Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)    
    Program for organising the national system for integrated monitoring of soil, for survey, control and measures for the reduction of pollutants input from agriculture sources and for the management of organic wastes generated by animal farming in nitrates sensitive areas (Ordinance no. 242/2005). Federal Law on Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)     
    GD nr. 472/2000 regarding measures for protection of water resources quality, 2000 Federal Law on Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation (1995)    
      Federal Law on Environmental Assessment (1995)    

Chemical pollution

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Regulation no.12/ 2002 concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water Law on Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1998) GD No 100/2002 concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water modified by GD 662/2005, modified by 567/2006, modified by 210/2007 Resolution No. 561 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 10.06.2004 on the Introduction of Amendments to the Resolution No. 579 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 28.05.2002 On Collecting Payments for the Discharge of Wastewater and Pollutants into Sewerage Systems of Krasnodar Krai Settlements Water Pollution Control Regulations (2004)Modified 13.02.2008 Law of Ukraine On Wastes (1998)
Regulation no.11/ 2002 on the quality of bathing water Law on Hazardous Chemicals (1998) GD No 202/2002 for the approval of the Technical Norms on the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to support fish life modified by GD no 563/2006 and GD no 210/2007 Resolution No. 162 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 10.03.1999 on Determining Minimal Sizes of Water Protection Zones of Water Objects of Krasnodar Krai and Their Coastal Protective Strips Regulation on Soil Pollution Control / 31 May 2005 Law on Environmental Audit (2004)
 Regulation No. 8 /2001 on the quality of coastal marine waters Law on State Ecological Expertise of 1996 was amended in 2004. However, in 14 December 2007 parliament passed a new Law on Ecological Expertise, which abolishes the previous one OMAPAM No 44/09.01.2004 (OJ No 154/23.02.2004) for approving the Regulation for the water quality monitoring for priority/dangerous priority substances Administrative Transgressions Code of the Russian Federation No.195-ФЗ/2001 Law Pertaining to Principles of Emergency Response and Compensation for Damages in Pollution of Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances (11.03.2005)   Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Rules for the protection of surface waters from the pollution by waste waters (1999)
Regulation no.4/ 2002 on the quality of fish and shellfish water Law on Construction, Function, Service, Maintenance and Operation of some Oil Transportation Facilities and Legislative Principles of Import, Transportation, Storage and Export of Oil Carried out by these Facilities on the Territory of Georgia. April 2 1996 GD No 201/2002 on the Quality required of shellfish waters establishes norms concerning the quality required for shellfish watersmodified by GD 467/2006, modified by GD 210/2007, modified by GD 859/2007    By-law of Dangerous Chemicals, (11.07.1993 - 21634 Official Gazette)   
  Regulation on Protection of Surface Water of Georgia from Pollution/Order No.130/1996 of MoEWP Order no 1888/2007 on approval of list of organohalogenate substances and heavy metals and the admissibility limit of organohalogenate and heavy metals   GOST 17.1.3.11-84 Nature protection. hydrosphere. Common requirements on protection of surface (except for marine waters)and underground water against pollution by mineral fertilizers The Law on The Emergency Intervention and Indemnification In Case Of The Sea Pollution byPetroleum and Other Hazardous Materials Numbered 5312 (Official Gazette dated 11.03.2005 No.25752)  
  Procedures for Estimation of Feasible Constrains on Collection of Polluted And Discharged Water, Flowing into Water /Order 105/1996 Order no 1950/12.12.2007 of Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development and Order 38/2008 of Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development for delimitation and recording of marine areas good for growing up and exploitation of shellfish GOST 17.1.3.04-82 Nature protection. hydrosphere. Common requirements on protection of surface (except for marine waters) and underground water against pollution by pesticides.  By-law of the Control of Hazardous Wastes, (Official Gazette dated 14.03.2005 No.25755).   
Instruction no.1/2004 Approval of Regulations on Environmental Impact Assessment And Instructions of Trunk Pipelines/Order 59/2002 GD 188/2002 updated through the GD 352/2005on the approval NTPA 011, 001 and 002 regarding the discharging conditions of urban wastewater into the aquatic environment Federal Law On the Safe Handling with Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1997)  By-law of the Control of the Pollution in Water and the Water Environment caused by HazardousSubstances, (26.11.2005 dated and 26005 numbered Off. News)  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 20.07.1996 # 815 on the Regulation of the State Water Monitoring
Regulations no. 6/2000 on the Limit Values for Admissible Contents of Dangerous and Harmful Substances in the Waste Water Discharged in the Water Bodies Law on Hazardous Chemicals (1998) Order No 125/1996 of the Minister of Waters, Forests and Environmental Protection for the approval of the regulation procedure for social and economic activities with environmental impact details the permitting procedures for new investments and existing activities, as well as for the methodology of elaboration of the impact assessment studies. Federal Law On Environmental Assessment (1995)  Implementation Regulation Related to Principles of Emergency Response and Compensation for Damages in Pollution of Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances (21.10.2006)  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 08.05.1996 р. On approval of procedures of determination of the size and borders of water protection zones and regime of economic activities within these zones
Ordinance on amending and supplementing Regulation No. 6/9.11.2000 on the limit values for admissible contents of dangerous and harmful substances in the waste water discharged in the water bodies (State Gazette No. 24/23.03.2004), implementing the requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC concerning urban waste water treatment   Ministerial Order No 1141/06.12.2002 (OJ No 21/16.01.2003) approving the Procedure and the competencies for issuing the water management permits and licenses modified by Order no 662/2006 Federal Law on Sanitary-Epidemiological Well-Being of Population (1999)  Regulation on Taking Waste from the Ships and Waste Control (26.12.2004)  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 11.09.1996 N1100 On the procedure of development and approval of norms maximum allowable discharge of polluting substances and list of substances to be regulated during discharge
Regulation no.7/2000 on the Terms and Procedure for Discharge of Industrial Waste Waters into Settlement Sewer Systems   MO No 1241/16.01.2003 (OJ No 104/19.02.2003) approving the Procedure for modification or withdrawal of water management permits or licenses Amended on MO No15/2006 Federal Law On Production and Consumption Wastes (1998)   Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 25.03.1999 On approval of the Rules of the protection of surface waters against pollution by return waters
Regulation no. 10/2001 on issuing of permits for the discharge of waste waters   Ministerial Order No. 1144/2002 transposing the EU requirements related to EPER Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "On development, approval and realization of scheme for integrated usage and protection of water objects, introduction of changes to these schemes" (2006)   Law on Ecological Expertise (1995)
    Ministerial Order No. 1140/2002 on The National Guidance on the Register of Emitted Pollutants (EPER Guidance) Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "About the order of approval of norms for permissible impact to water objects" (2006)    Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Rules for the protection of surface waters from the pollution by waste waters (№465)
    MO No 1241/2003 Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation "About approval of Guidelines on realization of state control of water objects usage and protection (2006)    
    Order nr. 34 / 2002 regarding prevention, reduction and integral control of pollution. (Approved through Law 645/2002). 2002 Sanitary Rules and Norms of Sea Water Protection Against Pollution SanPiN № 4631-88    
    National Strategy on climate changes, approved by GD 645/2005 Hygienic Requirements to the Surface Water Protection SanPiN 2.1.5.980-00     
      Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation Regulations on water protection zones for water objects and its protective belts (1996)    

 

Nutrient over-enrichment/eutrophication

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
MOEW Order № RD 970/28.07.2003 on identifying the sensitive areas in the Republic of Bulgaria according to the requirements of Directive 91/271/ЕЕС concerning urban wastewater treatment. Law on Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1998) OMAPAM No 1072/19.12.2003 (OJ No 71/28.01.2004) for approving the organization of the National Integrated Monitoring, Supervision and Decision Support System against nitrate pollution from agricultural sources in surface waters and ground waters and the Surveillance and Appropriate Control Programme, as surface waters and groundwater Federal Law on Environmental Assessment (1995) Regulation on the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources /18. 02. 2004 Law State Program of Protection and Rehabilitation of the Environment of the Black and Azov Seas (22.03.2001)
Regulation no.1/ 2007 on the research, use and protection of groundwater (State Gazette No. 87/30.10.2007), Law on Hazardous Chemicals (1998) Governmental Decision 964/2000 concerning the approval of the Action Plan for the protection of waters against pollution with nitrates coming from agricultural sources Norms SP 2.1.5.1059-01 Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment /Official Gazette No 25318/16 December 2003 Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 08.02.1999, No 166.On the approval of the Rules for Wetlands of National Significance
Regulation no.2/2000 2007 on the Protection of Waters against Pollution Caused by Nitrates from Agricultural Sources(State Gazette No. 27/11.03.2008), Law on Soil Protection (1994) Law 458/2002 amended by the Law no 311/2004 Federal Law on Atmospheric Air Protection No. 96-ФЗ/1999    
Regulation no. 10/2001 on issuing of permits for the discharge of waste waters   National Strategy for Water Management( updating process) till 2015 GOST R 50611-93 Organic-mineral fertiliser    
Regulation No. 10 of 06.10.2003 on the Emission Limit Values (Concentrations in waste gasses) of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and total dust, discharged to the atmosphere from large combustion plants, SG No 93 of 21.10.2003    GD 964/2000 concerning the approval of Action Plan for the protection of waters against nitrates from agriculture sources, 2000 Federal Law On Environmental Protection (2002)   Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Rules for the protection of surface waters from the pollution by waste waters (№465)
    Action Plan for the protection of waters against nitrates from agriculture sources (approved by GD 964/2000, updated in 2005 by GD nr. 1360. Federal Law On the Safe Handling with Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1997)    
    Code of the good agriculture practices for water protection against pollution with nitrates from agriculture sources - reviewed in 2005 (Ordinance no. 1182/2005)      
    Order of Ministry of Environment and Water Management nr. 501/2003 - Approval of the regulation for establishing pollution sources inventory for aquatic environment and groundwater. 2003      
    GD 188/2002 on the approval NTPA 011, 001 and 002 regarding the discharging conditions of waste water into the aquatic environment, amended by GD 351/2005, 2002-2018      
    Ministerial Order 1072/2003 approved theorganization of the National Integrated Survey, Control and Decision Support Monitoring for reducingpollutants from diffuse agricultural sources within surface and groundwater. 2003-2018      
    Order of Ministry of Environment and Water Management nr. 501/2003 - Approval of the regulation for establishing pollution sources inventory for aquatic environment and groundwater. 2003      
    GD 188/2002 on the approval NTPA 011, 001 and 002 regarding the discharging conditions of waste water into the aquatic environment, amended by GD 351/2005, 2002-2018      

 

Fisheries

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Fisheries and Aquacultures Act   Law on Fishing Fund, Fishery and Aquaculture No. 192/2001 Resolution No. 124 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 05.02.2004 on Interdepartmental Commission of Determining Catch Quotas of Water Biological Resources for Coastal Fisheries between Krasnodar Krai Applicants Fisheries Law (1971) amended in 1983 Law on Fish, other Alive Water Resources and Food Products from Them (2003)
Ordinance Nerd 09-25,Sofia/13.01.2006 of the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry regarding the total allowable catch   Order No. 277/ 4 July 2002 regarding approval of the Regulations for organizing and functioning of the National Company for Management of Fishery Resources Resolution No. 113 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 16.02.1999 on Measures for the Protection of Marine Biological Resources in Coastal Areas Adjacent to the Territory of Krasnodar Krai   Temporary Procedure for carrying out fisheries adopted by the Cabinet of Ministry on the 28th of September 1996
    Order No. 262/16 July 2001 regarding the Preparation of the Directory of Vessels and Fishing boats Federal Law on Fishery and Conservation of Water Biological Resources No 166-FZ (2004),    
    Order No. 422/30 October 2001 for approval of the Regulation on the conditions for development of the commercial fishing activities in the Black Sea waters Federal Law On Fishery and Conservation of Water Biological Resources (2004)    
    Annual Order on the Fishing Prohibition (140/247/2002)Each year is amended Federal Law On Fauna (1995)    
    Technical framework for developing the Action Programmes for the areas which are vulnerable at nitrates from agriculture sources (Ordinance no. 296/2005) Federal Law on Internal Sea Waters, Territorial Sea and Adjacent Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)     
    Order No. 179/1 June 2001 regarding the Registering and transmission of the data related with the marine fishing activity Federal Law on Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation (1995)     
      Federal Law on Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)     

Biodiversity and habitat changes

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Biodiversity Conservation Act/2002 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan/2005 Law 462/2001 concerning for the approval of Governmental Emergency Ordinance no. 236/2000 concerning the regime of natural protected areas and conservation of natural habitats Law No. 656-КЗ of Krasnodar Krai of 31.12.2003 on Specially Protected Natural Territories of Krasnodar Krai Law for Protection of Cultural and Natural Amenities(1983-2863) Forestry Code of Ukraine (1994)
Medicinal Plants Act 1. Law on the Protection of New Species of plants; December 29, 2006 and 2. Law on the Protection of Plants against Harmful Organisms , 1994 Decree No 187/30.03.1990 (OJ No 46/31.03.1990) -ratifying the Paris Convention on Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Resolution No. 850 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 29.07.2002 on the Protection of Water Biological Resources in the Black and Azov Sea Basin on the Territory of Krasnodar Krai National Parks Law (1983)  
Protected Territories Acts Law on Protected Area System (1996)Note: There is also another Law on Protected Area Status (November 22, 2007) Law No 26/24.04.1996 (OJ No 93/08.05.1996) -Forestry code Resolution No. 113 of the Head of Krasnodar Krai Administration of 16.02.1999 on Measure for the Protection of Marine Biological Resources in Coastal Areas Adjacent to the Territory of Krasnodar Krai Forestry Law: date:31/08/1956 no:6831  Law on Fauna (2001) 
Protection of Agricultural Lands Act Law on State Ecological Expertise (1996) Described above Law No 103/23.09.1996 (OJ No 328/17.05.2002) on hunting fund Federal Law on Specially Protected Natural Territories No. 33-ФЗ/1995 Council of Ministers Decree for Agency for Specially Protected Areas (19.10.1989) Law on conservation of the EnvironmentLaw On Natural Reserve Fund of Ukraine (1992) orRegulative Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Order of changing land usage for a specified purpose that are in property of citizens or juridical persons (2002)  
Forests Act Law on Environmental Permits (1996) GD No 230/04.03.2003 (OJ No 190/26.03.2003) on the delimitation of the biosphere reserves, national parks and natural parks and the setting up of their administrations Federal Law on Fauna No. 52-ФЗ/1995 Regulation on CITES /Official Gazette No 25545 dated 6 August 2004  
Protection of New Animal and Vegetable Species Act Law on Wildlife (1996) MO No 374/03.09.2004 (OJ No 849/16.09.2004) on the approval of the Action Plan regarding Cetaceans Conservation from Black Sea, Romania waters Federal Law on Natural Medicinal Resources, Medicinal Spa Localities and Resorts No. 26-ФЗ (1995)  Law on Protection of Animals (24.06.2004 no:5199)  
Hunting and Game Protection Act/2000 Law on Creation and Management of Kolkheti Protected Area (1998) MO No 850/27.10.2003 (OJ No 793/11.11.2003) on procedure of entrustment of administration and custody of the protected natural areas Federal Law on Specially Protected Natural Territories (1995)    
Genetically Modified Organisms Act/2005 Forest Code (1999); MO No 552/26.08.2003 (OJ No 648/11.09.2003) on approval of the internal zoning of natural and national park from biological diversity conservation point of view Federal Law on Fauna (1995)    
Regulation on the conditions and order for issuance of permits for introduction of non-native or reintroduction of native animal and plant species into the nature/2003 Presidential Decree No. 280/2001 on Coordinated Planning and Implementation of Ongoing and Prospective Programmes Related to Bojomi-Kharagauli National Park and its Supporting Zone MO No 246/22.07.2004 (OJ No 732/13.08.2004) on cave classification-natural protected areas Federal Law on Internal Sea Waters, Territorial Sea and Adjacent Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)     
  Administrative Violation Code (1984) GD No 2151/30.11.2004 (OJ No 38/12.01.2005) on setting up the protected natural area regime for new zones Federal Law on Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation (1995)     
    Law No 462/18.07.2001 regarding the protected natural area regime, conservation of natural habitats, wild flora and fauna approval Federal Law on Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation (1998)     
    MO No 647/06.07.2001 (OJ No 416/26.07.2001) for the approval of the authorization procedures for the harvesting, seizing, acquisition activities and trading on the external or internal market and import of plants and animals from wild fauna and flora      
    MO no 1964/2007 on establishing the status of protected areas of site with communitary importance which are integrated in NATURA 2000 network      
    GD 1284/2007 on establishing the special protected areas of avifauna as part of ecological European Natura 2000 network from Romania      

Sectoral policies

Tourism

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Governance Ordinance № 8 / 2001 for the quality of coastal waters.     Law on Sanitary Protection Zone of Health Resorts and Recreational Areas, March 22, 1998 Governance Ordinance No... 58/1998 regarding the touristic activities in Romania Resolution No. 1665-П of Krasnodar Krai Legislative Assembly of 18.09.2002 (edition of 24.04.2003) on Temporary Order of Organization, Equipment and Exploitation of Beaches of Krasnodar Krai Water Bodies Tourism Incentives Law: (12.03.1993) Law on resorts (2000)
 Governance Ordinance № 11 / 2002 for the quality of bathing waters   GD No 459/2002 on the quality of bathing water,GD 88/2004, GD 546/2008 Will be amended Federal Law On Natural Medicinal Resources, Medicinal Spa Localities and Resorts (1995) No.2634, 4957 Law on Changes for Tourism Incentives Law (16.03.1986)  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On the legal regime of sanitary protection zones of water bodies (18.12.1998 N 2004)
 Regulation N5, 30 May 2008 for management of bathing water quality     Federal Law on Sanitary-Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population (1999) General Sanitary Law no.1593 (Gazette: 06.05.1930) Law on the assurance of sanitary-epidemiological wellbeing of population (1997) 
Regulation N9, 16 March 2001 for the drinking water       Federal Law On Specially Protected Natural Territories (1995)   Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of 18.12.1998 # 2004 On the legal regime of sanitary protection zones of water bodies
Regulation N 14, or resorts resources, tourist areas and resorts, 13 October 1987, last am. 2002           

 

Urban planning

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Regulation No. 7 of 2003 for the rules and standards for management of different territories and management zones types Law on Land Registration, November 14, 1996 Law No 5/06.03.2000 (OJ No 152/12.04.2000) on the territorial planning use Land Code of the Russian Federation No. 136-ФЗ/2001 Settlements law (3.5.1985) Land Code (2001)
Regulation for amendments and complements to Regulation No. 7 of 2003 for the rules and standards for management of different territories and management zones types (State Gazette 51/21.06.2005) Regulations of Sea and River Shores of Georgia and Regulations for Engineering Protection/Order 4/2002 Law 247/2005 on land use planning system Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation No. 73-ФЗ/1998, am 2004. Land Use and Development Law (1985-3194)  
Regulation No. 8 of 2001 for the scope and the content of territorial plans rules and standards for management of different territories and management zones types     Federal Law On Land Planning No. 78-ФЗ/2001 Bosporus Law: (18.11.1983)  
Regulation for amendments and complements to Regulation No. 8 of 2001 for the scope and the content of territorial plans rules and standards for management of different territories and management zones types (State Gazette 51/21.06.2005)          

Agriculture

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Ordinance No 22 of 4 July 2001on organic production of plants, plant products and foodstuffs of plant origin and indications referring thereto on them Law on Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1998) Order No. 918/2002 of the Minister of Waters and Environmental Protection for the approval of the Code for Best Agricultural Practices modified by Order 1182/1270/2005 on approval of the Code for Best Agricultural Practices GOST R 50611-93 Organic-mineral fertiliser Regulation on the Principles and Implementation of Organic Farming/10 June 2005 Law on pesticides and agrochemicals (06.05.1995 N 86, last amended 2006)
Ordinance No 35 of 30 August 2001on organic production of livestock, livestock products and foodstuffs of  animal origin and indications referring thereto on them Law on Soil Protection (1994) Governmental Decision 964/2000 for the approval of the National Action Plan for water protection against the pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources GOST 17.1.3.11-84 Nature protection. hydrosphere. Common requirements on protection of surface (except for marine waters)and underground water against pollution by mineral fertilisers Regulation on the Production, Import, Export, Marketing and Inspection of Organic, Organomineral, Soil Conditioner and Microbial Fertiliser used in Agriculture, 22 April 2003 Law on resorts (2000)
Law for the approval of the Code for best Agricultural Practices 1997 Presidential Decree for the adoption of the Concept of Agrarian Policy of Georgia   GOST 17.1.3.04-82 Nature protection. hydrosphere. Common requirements on protection of surface (except for marine waters) and underground water against pollution by pesticides. The Code on Good Agricultural Practices-08/09/2004 (Official Journal no. 25577) Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On the legal regime of sanitary protection zones of water bodies (18.12.1998 N 2004)
      GOST 12.3.041-86. Application of pesticides for the protection of vegetation. Requirements of safety. The Regulation no.25377/18.02.2004 on the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On approval of the Procedure of usage of the lands of water fund(13.05.1996 N 502)
      SanPiN 1.2.1077-01. Hygienic requirements to storage, application and transportation pesticides and agrochemicals. Sanitary regulations and normatives Law on Grazeland: (28.02.1998) Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On the approval of the Rules for Compiling River Passports and Rules for the Determination of Bank Areas of the Waterways and Their Use (14.04.1997 No 347)
      GOST 26074-84 - Liquid manure. Veterinary and sanitary requirements for treatment, storage, transportation and utilization No.3083 Law of Agricultural Reform on Arrangement of Fields in Irrigated Area (01.12.1984)  
      GOST 17.1.2.03-90 Nature protection. Hydrosphere. The criteria and quality characteristics of water for irrigation    
      Land Code of the Russian Federation (2001)    
      Federal Law On the Sahe Handling with Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1997)    
      Federal Law On Environmental Protection (2002)    

Industry & Transport

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Regulation no.7/2000 on the Terms and Procedure for Discharge of Industrial Waste Waters into Settlement Sewer Systems Law on Security of Hazardous Industrial Objects/1997(2000) Governmental Decision No 625/2001 for the approval of the authorisation procedure of traders Land Code of the Russian Federation (2001) Harbors Law: (14.04.1923) Law on the State Program of the Development of Water Industry (2002)
Regulation on the Terms and Procedures for Issuing of Integrated Permits for Construction and Operation of New and Operation of Existing Industrial Establishments and Installations/Decree No 62 of the Council of Ministers of 12.03.2003, SG No 26 of 21.03.2003 Law on Construction, Function, Service, Maintenance and Operation of some Oil Transportation Facilities and Legislative Principles of Import, Transportation, Storage and Export of Oil Carried out by these Facilities on the Territory of Georgia/1996 Ministerial Order No 169/02.03.2004 (OJ No 206/09.03.2004) for the approval of the direct confirmation method for the reference documents regarding the Best Available Techniques (BREF) approved by European Union Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation (2004) No.4737 Changes on Law on Industrial Zone Law and Organized Industrial Zones Law   Code of Trading Navigation (№277/94)
Merchant shipping code (title amend. - sg 113/02)   Governmental Emergency Ordinance (GEO) No 34/2002 on integrated pollution prevention, reduction and control, subsequently modified and approved by the Parliament through the Law 645/2002 Federal Law on Power Industry (2003) No. 4691 Law on Development of the Technology (06.07.2001)  
Law on the Maritime Spaces, Inland waterways and ports of The Republic of Bulgaria   Order 566/2003 (M.Of. No. 689/01.01.2003)of the MoEWP on the approval of the guide for BAT for cement industry. Federal Law On Environmental Protection (2002)    
Ordinance No.15 of the Minister of Transport on conditions and order for delivery and acceptance of ship-generated waste and cargo residues from ships.   Order 37/2003 of the MoEWP (M.Of. No. 247/10.04.2003) on the approval of the guide for BAT for pulp and paper industry Federal Law On Environmental Assessment (1995)    
REGULATION No. 9 as of 29.07.2005 on port operation suitability requirements          
Mandatory Rules for Port of Burgas/ Varna          

 

ICZM

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Environment Protection Law, 2005 The Constitution of Georgia, 2005 On environmental protection, No.137, December 1995 The Constitution of the Russian Federation, December 1993 Turkish Constitution, June 2005 On Natural Environment Protection, June 1991
Law for Waters Management, 2003 The Constitution of Ajara, , 2005 Water, No. 107, May 1996 Water Code of the Russian Federation No. 167-FL, November 1995 Coastal Law, 1.7.1992 On Environmental Impact Assessment, February 1995
Regulation No. 2 for the Rules and Norms for Land-use Planning of the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, 1995 The Law on Environmental Protection, , 2005 Approval of the Systematic Plan of the Territory - section II, water, No 171, November 1997 Land Code of the Russian Federation No. 136-FL, October 2001 Harbors Law, April 1923 On Scientific and Technical Expertise, February 1995
  The Law on Environmental Permits, , 2005 Forest code, No 26, June 2005 Forest Code of the Russian Federation No. 22-FL, January 1997 Environment Law, August 1983 On Securing Sanitary and Sanitary-Epidemiological Well-Being of Population, February 1994
  The Law on Ecological Examination, , 2005 Establishing the function of National Council for environment and Sustainable Development, No. 158, October 1999 Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation No. 73-FL, May 1998 Fisheries Law, 22.03.1971, 15.05.1986 On Exclusive (Marine) Economic Zone of Ukraine, May 1995
  The Law on Comprehensive State Examination of Construction Projects, 2005 Establishing the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, No. 82, 20 November 1993 Administrative Transgressions Code of the Russian Federation No.195-FL, December 2001 On National Parks, August 1983 Major Directions of State Policy of Ukraine in the Sphere of Natural Environment Protection, Natural Resources Use and Nuclear Safety Provision, March 1998
  Presidential Decree #608 on Establishment of State Consultative Commission for Integrated Coastal Zone Management, 2005 Juridical regime of territorial and interior maritime waters and of contiguous zone of Romania; No. 17, August 1990 Criminal Code of the Russian Federation No. 63-FL, June 1996 On Protection of Cultural and Natural Wealth, July 1983 Order of Limitation, Temporary Suspension or Termination of Activities of Enterprises, Institutions, Organization and Objects in Case of Their Violation of Natural Environment Protection, October 1992
  Presidential Decree #459 on Establishment a Legal Body of Public Law_Georgia State Agency for Protection of the Black Sea and Exploration/Utilization of its Resources, 2005 Regarding the environmental Fund, No. 73, May 2000 Federal Law On Land Planning No. 78-FL, June 2001 On Establishment of ASPA, October 1989 Decree on the Order of Permit Issuing for Special Natural Resources Use, 10.09.1992 No 459
  The Law on Marine Space of Georgia, 2005 Ratification of the Convention on the protection of the Black Sea, June 1995 Federal Law On Environmental Protection No. 7-FL, January 2002 Bosporus Law, November 1983 On the Order of Setting Limits on the Use of Resources of National Importance, No 459 10.09.1992
  The Law on The Management and Protection of the Sea Coast and River Banks, 2005 Ratifying the Agreement regarding the cetaceans conservation in the Black and Mediterranean Seas and Atlantic contiguous zone, No. 91, May 2000 Federal Law On Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation No. 187-FL, November 1995 Coastal Security Force Law, July 1982 On the State Monitoring of Natural Environment, No 785 23.04.1993
  The Law on the System of Protected Territories, 2005   Federal Law On Internal Sea Waters, Territorial Sea and Adjacent Zone of the Russian Federation No. 155-FL, July 1998 Settlements Law, March 1993 Order of Submitting Documentation to State Environmental Assessment, No 870 31.10.1995
  The Law on the Establishment and management of Kolkheti Protected Areas, 2005 Piscicol Fund, Fisheries and Aquaculture, No. 192, April 2001 Federal Law On Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation No. 191-FL, December 1998 Tourism Incentives Law, March 1993 On Atmospheric Air Protection, 2556-14 21.06.2001
  The Law on Wildlife, 2005 Regarding territory arrangements and planning, No. 350, July 2001 Federal Law "On Security" No. 2446-1, March 1992 Forestry Law, August 1956 On the Order of Defining the Levels Of Harmful Impacts of Physical and Biological Factors on Atmospheric Air, No 1092 31.12.1992
  The Law on Water, 2005 Regarding some measure of protection and permit of the construction in the Romanian Black Sea Coastal Zone, No. 597, October 2001 Federal Law "On Common Principles of Local Self-Government Organization in the Russian Federation " No. 154-FL, August 1995 Law on Mobilization for Aforestration and Erosion Control, July 1995 On the Order of Permits Issuing for Pollutants Emission from Stationary Sources into Atmospheric Air, 10.09.1992 No 459
  The Law on Tourism and Health Resorts, 2005 Solid waste regime, No.99, July 2001 Federal Law "On Environmental Assessment " No. 174-FL, November 1995 Law on Grazeland, February 1998 Land Code of Ukraine, 5.10.2001 No 2768-14
  The Law on Protective Sanitary Zones of Health Resorts and Resorts Localities, 2005 On public property juridical condition, No.213, June 2005 Federal Law "On Agreements about Production Division No. 225-FL, December 1995   The law of Ukraine On Lands Protection, 19.06.2003 No 0962
  The Maritime Code, 2005 On approving of natural territorial planning 3rd section protected areas, No. 5, June 2005 Federal Law On Natural Medicinal Resources, Medicinal Spa Localities and Resorts No. 26-FL, February 1995   The law of Ukraine On Land Development, 22.05.2003 No 0856
  The Law on Minerals, 2005 On approving the technical norms regarding water quality for shellfish, No. 201, June 2005 Federal Law On Specially Protected Natural Territories No. 33-FL, March 1995   On Utilization of the Lands of Defence, 27.11.2003 No 1345
  The Law on Oil and Gas, 2005 Guidelines for touristic use of Romanian Black Sea Beaches, No. 107, February 1996 Federal Law On Fauna No. 52-FL, April 1995   On Land Reclamation, 14.01.2000 No 1389
  Book Two of the Civil Code, 2005 On set up the Littoral Commission - for rational exploitation and protection of natural resources as well as for rehabilitation of ecological balance in the coastal zone, No. 108, February 1999 Federal Law On Atmospheric Air Protection No. 96-FL, May 1999   On Land Charges, 19.09.1996 No 378
  Law on Agricultural Land Ownership, 2005 On approval the action program to reduce pollution in the aquatic environment and underground water government Decision 118, April 2002 Federal Constitutional Law On the Government of the Russian Federation No. 2-FCL, December 1997   On Land Evaluation, 11.12.2003 No 1378
  Law on Privatization of State Property, 2005 Regarding the approval of the action plan for the water protection against pollution with nitrates coming from the agriculture , No. 964, August 2002 Federal Law On Entrails No. 2395-1, February 1992   On Land Leasing, 06.10.1998 No 161
  Law on the Declaration of Private Ownership of Non-Agricultural Land in the Use of Juridical and Private Persons, 2005 On Setting Up and Functioning the National Administration of Maritime Ports, No. 519, September 2002 Federal Law On Power Industry No. 35-FL, March 2003   Order of Pecuniary Assessment of the Lands Intended for Agricultural Use and Settlements, 27.11.1995 No 76
  Law on the Administration and Disposal of State-Owned Non-Agricultural Land, 2005 Regarding the integrated coastal zone management, No. 202/2002, December 2002 Federal Law On Sanitary-Epidemiological Well-Being of the Population No. 52-FL, March 1999   Order of Pecuniary Assessment of Lands of Non-Agricultural Use (with the Exception of Settlement Lands), 29.09.1997 No 86
    Ministry Ordinance no.184, September 1997 Federal Law On Federal Budget for Year 2003 No. 176-FL, December 2002 Temporary Order of the State Lands Register Maintenance, July 2003
    Ministry Ordinance no125/1996, June 2005 The Charter of Krasnodar Kray, 03.06.03   Order of Losses Compensation to the Owners of Lands and Land Management Actors, 19.04.1993 No 284
    on ratification of the Convention regarding the cooperation and sustainable use of Danube River, No. 14, June 2005 Krasnodar Kray Law On Local Self-Government in Krasnodar Kray No. 18-KL, November 1995   On Planning and Development of Territories, May 2001
    Ratified the Bucharest Convention regarding the protection of the Black Sea against pollution, No. 98, June 2005 Krasnodar Kray Law On Specially Protected Natural Territories of Krasnodar Kray No. 119-KL, March 1998   On the General Scheme of Spatial Planning in Ukraine, 3059-111 07.02.2002
    Nn ratification of the Convention regarding the cooperation and sustainable use of Danube River, No. 14 Krasnodar Kray Law On Protection of Green Funds in Krasnodar Kray Rural and Urban Settlements No. 360-KL, May 2001   Water Code of Ukraine, June 1995
    Ratified the Bucharest Convention regarding the protection of the Black Sea against pollution, No. 98 Krasnodar Kray Law On Preservation of Total Area of Forested Lands and Protective Afforestation in Krasnodar Kray No. 92-KL, June 1997   Order of Charging the Special Use of Water Resources, 08.02.1994 No 75
    On Ratification of MARPOL, No. 6, June 2005 Krasnodar Kray Law On Sanitary-Epidemiological Well-Being of Krasnodar Kray Population No. 115-KL, February 1998   Order of the State Water Cadastre Maintenance, 08.04.1996 No 413
    On ratification of the Convention regarding the access to the information , public participation in the decision making process and the access of justice in the environmental issues, No. 86, May 2000 On Radiation Control of Transboundary Freight, No. 53-KL, December 1996   Rules of Protection of Territorial Seas and Internal Waters from Contamination, 29.02.1996 No 269
    On ratification of the Convention on EIA, No. 22, February 2001 Krasnodar Kray Law On Protection of Krasnodar Kray Environment and Population from Environmentally Harmful Impacts of Motor Transport Complex No. 474-KL, April 2002   Order of Determining the Size and Boundaries of Water Protection Zones and the Relevant Regime of Economic Activities, May 1996
      On the Basis of Land Use Relations Regulation in Krasnodar Kray, No. 532-KL, November 2002   Order of State Water Monitoring, 20.07.1996 No 815
      On Production and Consumption Wastes, No. 245-KL, March 2000   Instruction on the Order of Development and Approval of Maximum Permissible Discharges of Pollutants into Water Objects with Return Waters, 15.12.1994 No 116
      Krasnodar Kray Law On Protection of Krasnodar Kray Population and Territories from Natural and Man-Caused Hazards No. 135-KL, July 1998   Decree on the Order of Compensation Calculation and Reparation of Damages caused by Pollution from Vessels, Ships and Other Floating Means of Territorial Seas and Internal Waters of Ukraine, 26.10.1995 No 116
      On Natural Medicinal Resources, Medicinal Spa Localities and Resorts of Krasnodar Kray No. 41-KL, August 1996   Harmonization and Issuing of Permits for Special Water Use, No 459 10.08.1992
      On Tourist Activities in Krasnodar Kray, No. 89-KL, June 1997   Forest Code of Ukraine, January 1994
      On Adoption of Agreement between Organs of Representative and Executive Power of Krasnodar Kray (the Russian Federation) and the Autonomous Republic Crimea (Ukraine) Principles of Commercial, Economic, Scientific, Technical, Humanitarian and Cultural Co-operation, No. 523-KL, September 2002    On Fauna, March 1993
          The law of Ukraine On Flora, April 1999
          The law of Ukraine On Natural Reserve Bank of Ukraine, 16.06.1992 No 2456
          The law of Ukraine On the State Programme of National Ecological Network Formation of Ukraine, 21.09.2000 No 1989
          Decree on the Red Book of Ukraine, October 1992
          Order of Forests Classification, Attribution of Forests to Protected Category and Determining Specially Protected Plots of Forest Bank, 27.09.1995, No 557
          Rules of Forests Restoration and Afforestation, 16.01.1996 No 97
          Order of the State Forests Register Maintenance and the State Forest Cadastre, 27.09.1995 No 767
          On the Amount of Compensation for the Excavation of the Species of Flora and Fauna Included into the Red Book of Ukraine and the Damage Caused, 01.06.1993 No 399
          On the Adoption of Decree On Wetlands of National Importance, No 166 08.02.1999
          On the Order of Giving Wetlands the Status of Ramsar Lands, No 1287 29.08.2002
          The law of Ukraine On Atmospheric Air Protection, 21.06.2001 No 2556
          Order of the State Register Maintenance in the Sphere of Atmospheric Air Protection, 13.12.2001 No 1656
          Decree on the Order of Permits Issuing for Pollutants Emission from Stationary Sources into Atmospheric Air, 29.05.1996 No 364
          Decree on the Order of Defining the Levels Of Harmful Impacts of Physical and Biological Factors on Atmospheric Air, 31.12.1993 No 1092
          Order of Setting Norms on Charging the Pollution of Natural Environment and for Levying of this Charge, 01.03.1999 No 303
          Order of Development, Approval and Review of Limits for Wastes Generation and Disposal, 03.09.1998 No 1218
          List of Activities Referring to Nature Conservation Procedures, 17.09.1996 No 1147
          On Adoption of Decree on the State Natural Environment Fund, 07.05.1998 No 634
          Formation Order of the Main Section of the State Budget Natural Environment Protection and Nuclear Safety and Financing of the Costs Concerning Nature Conservation Procedures, 09.07.1997 No 732
          On Fixing Rates for the Compensation Calculation of Damages Caused Due to Illegal Catch or Kill of Valuable Species of Fish and Other Objects of Fisheries, 19.01.1998 No 32
          On Establishing Norms on Charging for Special Natural Resources Use and Charging for Water Use for the Needs of Hydropower Engineering and Water Transport, 18.05.1999 No 836
          On Establishing the Order of Charging for Special Water Resources Use and Charging for Water Use for the Needs of Hydropower Engineering and Water Transport, 16.08.1999 No 1494
          The law of Ukraine On Tourism, 1285-15 18.11.2003
          Framework Agreement on Institutional Basis of Establishing Intergovernmental Systems of Oil and Gas Transportation, 2231-111 18.01.2001
          The law of Ukraine On Associations of Citizens, 2460-X11 16.06.1992
          On the Establishment of Order of Conducting Public Hearings on the Issues of Nuclear Power Use and Nuclear Safety, No 1122 18.07.1998
          Decree on Participation in the Decision-Making Process in the Sphere of Natural Environment Protection, No 168 18.12.2003
          Decree on the Order of Presenting Ecological Information, No 169 18.12.2003
          Treaty of Ukraine and the Russian Federation on Co-Operation in the Use of the Azov Sea and the Kerch Gulf, 643-205 24.12.2003
          Agreement on Establishing the Black Sea Group of Naval Co-Operation, 948-1Y 05.06.2003
          Agreement on Co-Operation of the Black Sea Countries during the Search and Rescue on the Black Sea, No 322-1Y 28.11.2002

 

Air Quality

Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Clean Air Act    Law on Ambient Air Pollution, June 22, 1999   Ordinance nr. 859/2005 for approving Guidelines on notification procedure and establishment of special requirements for authorisation of some activities/installations that use organic solvents with COV content, 2005   The by-law on control of air pollution from industrial plants (22.07.2006 26236 numbered Official Gazette) Law on Atmospheric Air Protection, 16.10.1992, nr.2707-12
Regulation No7 from may 3, 1999 on ambient air quality assessment and management   Law on the Amendments and Changes of the Law on Ambient Air Pollution. December 14, 2007 Government Decision nr. 645/2005 for approval of National Strategy on climate changes, 2005-2007, 2005   By-Law on Control of Air Pollution Arising from Heating (13.01.2005 25699 numbered Official Gazette) Law on Environment Protection, 25.06.1991, nr.1264-12
Regulation No9 from may 3, 1999 on limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, fine particulate matter and lead in ambient air   Decree (Resolution) of the Adjara Autonomous Republic on the Pollution of Air and Sea Water Area in Batumi; March 2, 2006 Government Decision nr. 1856/2005 regarding establishing national emission limits for some air pollutants, 2005     Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (CMU) "List of the main hazardous substances those are under regulations in respect of air pollution", 29.11.2001 nr.1598
Regulation on limit values for benzene and carbon dioxide in ambient air    National Action Plan regarding climate changes, 2005     Decree of the CMU "The Order of development and adoption of the norrmatives on maximum level of emission of pollutants from stationary sources", 13.12.2001 № 1655
Regulation No 8 from may 3, 1999 on ambient air quality limit values for ozone   GD nr. 1902 / 2004 for modification and completion of GD nr. 699/2003 regarding establishing measures for reduction of volatile organic compounds emissions due to utilisation of organic solvents in some activities and installations. 2004      
Regulation on the requirements to liquid fuels, terms, procedure and method of control (State Gazette No 66/25.07.2003)    GD nr. 731 / 2004 for approving National Strategy for atmosphere protection. 2004      
Regulation No.6 of 26 March 1999 on Methods and Procedures for Measurement of Harmful Substance Point-source Emissions Discharged to the Atmosphere     GD nr. 738 /2004 for approving National Action Plan of Action regarding atmosphere protection. 2004      
Regulation No. 10 of 6 October 2003 on the Emission Limit Values (Concentrations in Waste gasses) of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and total dust, discharged to the atmosphere from large combustion plants     GD nr. 543 / 2004 regarding development and implementation of air quality management plans and programmes. 2004.      
    D nr. 586 / 2004 regarding setting up and organisation of National System for Assessment and Integrated Management of Air Quality. 2004      
    Order nr. 712 / 2003 for approving the Guide for elaboration of programmes proposals for progressive reduction of annual emissions of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust from big combustion installations.      
    GD nr. 541 / 2003 regarding establishing measures for reducing air emissions of some pollutants from big combustion installations. Modified and updated by Government Decision nr. 322/2005 and again by GD nr. 1502/2006      
    Presidential Order nr. 396 / 2003 regarding promulgation of the Law for ratification of the protocols of the Convention regarding transboundary air pollution on long distances, signed at Geneva in 13 November 1979, adopted at Aarhus in 24 June 1998 and Gothenburg in 1 December 1999.      
    GD nr. 142 / 2003 regarding limitation of sulphur content in liquid combustibles. Modified and updated by GD nr. 598/2004 and GD 2176/2004      
    Order nr. 592 / 2002 for approval of the Normative for establishing limit values, threshold values and of criteria and methods for assessment of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, dust, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide.      
    Memorandum of Understanding (23.10. 2002) between Romanian Ministry of Environment and Water Management and Austria Federal Ministry for Agriculture, Forests, Environment and Water Management regarding bilateral cooperation for reduction of greenhouse gases emissions (ratified by Law no. 584/2004).      
    Law nr. 655 / 2001 for approval of Government Order nr. 243/2000 regarding atmosphere protection.      

 

Marine Litter and solid waste management

(National legal acts and central government documents)

Country Title of legal act Date of entering into force
Bulgaria Water Act 28.01.2000
Territorial Development Act 31.03.2001
Law on fishing and aquacultures 2001
Law on Biological Diversity 09.08.2002
Law on Human Health 01.01.2005
Merchant Shipping Code (Title amended in State Gazette, No 108/2006) 14.07.1970
Law on the Maritime Spaces, Inland waterways and Ports of The Republic of Bulgaria 11.02.2000
Environmental Protection Act 25.09.2002
Waste Management Act 30.09.2003
Act on Sea Areas, Inner Water Ways and Ports (last amendment on 26.05.2006) 23.03.2004
Georgia Code of Administrative Offences (with subsequent amendments) 15.12.1984
Law on the Environmental Protection 10.12.1996
Maritime Code 15.05.1997
Law on Water 17.10.1997
Law on Public Health 10.12.1997
Law on the Maritime Areas 24.12.1998
Sanitary Code 08.05.2003
Law on Wastes (drafted but not adopted yet)
Romania Water Law (#107/1996; amended on 30.06.04, #310/2004, amended on 112/2006) 08.10.1996
Ordinance of urgency on wastes system/policy (#78/2000) Law on the approval of the Ordinance of urgency on wastes system/policy (#426/2001) 22.06.200025.07.2001
Law on the approval of financing contract for the Project on the Environment and Infrastructure in the Port of Constanta (#517/2001) 24.10.2001
Ordinance of urgency on the integrated management of costal zone (#202/2002)Law on the approval of the Ordinance of urgency on the integrated management of costal zone (#280/2003) 28.12.200226.06.2003
Government decision on the control of bringing in Romania the non-hazardous wastes for their import, active improvement and transit (#228/2004) 04.03.2004
Government decision on the approval of the Regulations for organization and operation of the National Committee of Costal Zone (#1015/2004) 08.07.2004
Government decision on the establishment of the environmental assessment procedure for plans and programmes (#1076/2004) 05.08.2004
Government decision on the approval of National strategy and National plan for waste management (#1470/2004) 18.10.2004
Government decision regarding the landfill waste disposal (#349/2005) 10.06.2005
Ordinance of urgency on the integrated prevention and pollution control (#152/2005) 10.11.2005
Ordinance of urgency on the environmental protection (#195/2005) 30.01.2006
Russia Water Code 16.11.1995
Law on the Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation 30.11.1995
Law on the Waste Production and Consumption 24.06.1998
Law on the Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population 30.03.1999
Law on the Protection of the Environment 10.01.2002
Turkey Law of the Harbour 20.04.1925
Law of the Public Hygiene 06.05.1930
Law of the Turkish Coast Guard Command 13.07.1982
Law on the Organization, Duties and Authority of the Gendarmerie 10.03.1983
Law on the Environment (amended in 2006) 11.08.1983
Law of the Coast (amended in 1992) 17.04.1990
Decree Law on establishment/functions of the Ministry of Environment 09.08.1991
Decree Law on establishment/functions of the Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs 19.08.1993
Decree Law on Organization/Functions of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry 08.05.2003
Law of the Metropolitan Municipality 10.07.2004
Turkish Criminal Code 26.09.2004
Law on the Response and Coverage of Damages in Emergency Situations caused by Pollution of the Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances 11.03.2005
Law of the Municipality 03.07.2005
Implementation Regulation Related to Principles of Emergency Response and Compensation for Damages in Pollution of Marine Environment by Oil and Other Harmful Substances 21.10.2006
Regulation on Taking Waste from the Ships and Waste Control 26.12.2004
Ukraine Code of Administrative Offences (#8074-10; with subsequent amendments) 07.12.1984
Law on the Protection of the Environment (#1268-XII) 26.06.1991
Principle Legislation on Public Health 1992
Law on the assurance of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population 24.02.1994
Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On the adoption of rates for the estimation of compensation and harmfulness caused by pollution from ships and other floating facilities in territorial and internal marine waters of Ukraine (#484d) 03.07.1995 
Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers An order for the estimation of compensation and harmfulness caused by contamination from ships and other floating facilities in territorial and internal marine waters of Ukraine (#116) 26.10.1995
  Code of Trading Navigation (№277/94)  
  Water Code (№213/95;amended in 2000)  
  Forestry Code (№3852-Х1)  
  Land Сode (№2768-111)  
  Law on Air Protection (№2707-Х11)  
  Law of Ukraine on Pesticides and Agrochemicals (1995, last amended 2006)  
  Law on Waste (№187/98; amended in 2001)  
  Law on resorts (№20226-111)  
  Law on Fauna (№2894-111)  
  Law on Drinking Water and Drinking Water Supply (№2918-111)  
  Law on the State Program of the Development of Water Industry (№2988-111)  
  Law on Environmental Audit (№1862-1V)  
  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation of the State Water Monitoring ( № 815)  
  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Rules for the protection of surface waters from the pollution by waste waters (№465, amended in 2002)  
  Law on the adoption of the National Programme for the Protection and Recovery of the Environment of the Azov and Black Seas (№2333-ІІІ)  
  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers On the procedure of development and approval of norms maximum allowable discharge of polluting substances and list of substances to be regulated during discharge ( N1100)  
  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Rules for the protection of internal marine waters and territorial sea from pollution and littering (№431)  
  Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on the Methodology of calculation of damage from pollution by oil(№631)  
  Principle Legislation on Public Health  
  Law on the assurance of sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population  

Administrative instruments on subordinate levels (ministerial, province, district, municipal, harbor, etc. levels)

Country Title of document Date of entering into force
Bulgaria Decree #87 on the Ratification of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in Transboundary Context 23.03.1995
Guidelines for the development of waste management programs (Protocol #4) 02.04.1998
Rules obligatory for the region under the jurisdiction of Marine Administration Executive Agency (Varna and Bourgas) 1998
Regulation on the requirements for treatment and transportation of industrial and hazardous waste (adopted by Decree of the Council of Ministers #53/1999) 1999
Plan for monitoring of objects on the territory of Port of Varna Ltd. 1999
Regulation on the procedure and manner for establishment of networks and on the operation of the National Water Monitoring System 21.11.2000
Plan for monitoring of objects on the territory of Port of Bourgas Ltd. 2000
Regulation on the quality of coastal marine waters 25.01.2001
Regulation on the requirements for operational suitability of all, except navy ports, for qualification of the workforce and for issuing certificates for operational suitability which comprises requirements concerning adequacy of port reception facilities and waste reception and handling plans 19.06.2001
Regulation for the activity, organization of work and staff of the Basin Directorates 29.01.2002
Regulation on the quality of bathing water 25.02.2002
Regulation on the terms and conditions for carrying out environmental impact assessment 18.03.2003
Regulation #2 on the terms and conditions for carrying out environmental assessment on national, regional and district development plans and programmes, on urban development plans and their amendments 18.03.2003 (repealed)
Regulation on the procedure for determination of sanctions for deterioration or pollution of the environment above the limits 06.09.2003
Ordinance on the waste classification 25.05.2004
Regulation for the activity, organization and staff of the Regional Environmental Inspectorates 27.07.2004
Ordinance on the conditions and requirements for construction and operation of incineration-plants and co-incineration plants 07.09.2004
Ordinance on the requirements for sites determined for placing of waste treatment facilities 17.09.2004
Ordinance on the conditions and requirements for construction and operation of landfills and other facilities and installations for waste disposal and recovery 24.09.2004
Ordinance on the order and the formats on which information for waste activities is provided, as for the order for keeping public register of the issued permits, registration documents and of the closed facilities and operations 26.10.2004
Order of the Minister of Environment and Waters for approval of guidelines for the development of plans for adjusting the existing landfills in accordance to regulations (#РД-1242) 24.11.2004
Regulation on the conditions, procedure and methods for environmental assessment of plans and programs 2004
Regulation on the delivery and reception of ship generated waste and cargo residues 01.01.2005
Establishment rules of the Marine Administration Executive Agency 12.05.2005
Statute for structure and activity of Regional Inspectorates for Protection and Control of Public Health 2005
Order of the Minister of Environment and Waters for new guidelines for the development of municipal programs for waste management (#РД-167) 24.03.2006
Regulation concerning the rules and standards for territory-organizing planning of the Black Sea coast  
Order #272 on the categorisation of water sources and water receiving bodies  
National Waste Management Program for 2003-2007  
National Environmental Strategy and National Action Plan for 2005-2014  
National Strategy for Water Sector Management to 2015  
National Programme for Priority Construction of Urban WWTPs  
National Program for Ports Development  
Mandatory Rules for the region under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian Marine Administration  
Port Waste Management Programs (all ports have such program)  
Municipal Waste Management Programs (all municipalities have such program)  
Contracts for the concession of beaches along the Black Sea coast  
  Ordinance No.15 of the Minister of Transport on delivery and acceptance of ship-generated waste and cargo residues from ships. 22.10.2004
  Mandatory Rules for Port of Burgas/ Varna 1995
Georgia Decree of the Ministry of Public Health (#36/n) 24.02.2003
All coastal municipal services and ports act according to sanitary guidelines developed locally on basis of relevant national legal and administrative instruments  
Romania Government decision #349/2005 regarding the incineration of waste 14.02.2002
Government decision on the establishment of the frame procedure for environmental impact assessment and on the approval of the list of public or private projects subjected to that procedure (#918/2002) 17.09.2002
RMTCT order of on the installations for shipyard reception of waste generated on the ships and residual stuff (#779/2002) 29.11.2002
Government decision on the designation of public authorities in charge of the control and monitoring of the waste import, export and transit activities (#1357/2002) 10.12.2002
RMEWM order for the approval of the procedure of environmental impact assessment and issuing of the environmental agreement (#860/2002) 31.01.2003
RMEWM order on the approval of the methodological guidelines applicable to the frame procedure of environmental impact assessment (#863/2003) 31.01.2003
RMEWM order for the approval of the procedure of issuing the integrated environmental authorisation (#818/2003) 13.11.2003
RMEWM order on the approval of the general technical guide for the appliance of the procedure of issuing the integrated environmental authorisation (#36/2004) 19.01.2004
RMTCT order on the approval of methodological norms regarding authorisation and classification of tourist activities in the costal zone (#455/2004) 18.03.2004
Order of RMEWM (#2/2004), RMTCT (#211/2004) and RMEC (#118/2004) for the approval of waste shipping control and regulation procedure on Romanian territory 15.04.2004
Order of RMEWM (#38-SMI/2004), RMTCT (#1044/2004) and RMPH (#671/2004) on the approval of the Code of conduct/policy for recreation activities in the costal zone 15.06.2004
RMEWM order for the approval of the procedure for authorising activities with the significant environmental impact (#876/2004) 11.01.2005
RMEWM order on the approval of technical norms for waste incineration (#756/2004) 26.02.2005
RMEWM order on the approval of technical norms for waste disposal (landfill) (#757/2004) 26.02.2005
RMEWM order regarding the setting-up of criteria and preliminary procedures of waste acceptance for disposal and the National list of the accepted waste in each class of waste disposal sites (#95/2005) 08.03.2005
RMEWM order regarding the issuing of environmental permit (note) for ceasing waste disposal activities, i.e. landfill and incineration (#1274/2005) 28.12.2005
Russia Law of Krasnodar Krai [Territories] on Waste Production and Consumption (#245-KZ) 13.03.2000
Law of Krasnodar Krai [Territories] on Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population in Krasnodar Krai (#497-KZ) 26.06.2002
Law of Krasnodar Krai [Territory] on Natural Healing Resources, Health-improving Areas and Health Resorts in Krasnodar Krai (#585-KZ) 03.03.2003
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Specially Protected Natural Territories of Krasnodar Kray (# 119-KZ) 04.03.1998
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Protection of Green Funds in Krasnodar Kray Rural and Urban Settlements (# 360-KZ) 14.05.2001
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Preservation of Total Area of Forested Lands and Protective Afforestation in Krasnodar Kray (# 92-KZ) 30.06.1997
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Radiation Control of Transboundary Freight (#53-KZ) 02.12.1996
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Protection of Krasnodar Kray Environment and Population from Environmentally Harmful Impacts of Motor Transport Complex (# 474-KZ) 30.04.2002
Law of Krasnodar Kray On Natural Medicinal Resources, Medicinal Spa Localities and Resorts of Krasnodar Kray (# 41-KZ) 07.08.1996
Turkey Regulations of Rize harbour 04.12.1980
Regulations on fixing penalties to ships and vessels and procedures to let them off a penalty 03.11.1987
Regulations on the control of solid waste 14.03.1991
Regulations on the control of medical waste 22.07.2005
Regulations on the control of hazardous waste 14.03.2005
Regulations of Istanbul harbour 06.09.1996
Regulations of Trabzon harbour 12.08.1999
Regulations on environmental impact assessment 16.12.2003
Regulations of ship dismantling 08.03.2004
Regulations on waste purchase service from the vessels 11.03.2004
Regulations on waste control of excavations soil, construction and debris wastes 18.03.2004
Regulations on packaging and packaging waste control 30.07.2004
Regulations on the control of used batteries and accumulators 31.08.2004
Regulations on reception of waste from the ships and waste control 26.12.2004
Regulations on the control of water pollution 31.12.2004
Regulations on urban wastewater treatment 08.01.2006
Regulations on bathing waters 09.01.2006
Ukraine UMPH order on the approval of the State sanitary rules and norms on coastal marine water protection against pollution in the places of population water use (#631-88) 06.07.1988
UMPH order on the approval of the State sanitary rules and norms on surface water protection against pollution (#4630-88) 01.01.1989
UMPH order on the approval of the State sanitary rules and norms on waste water, oil-contained and ballast water and litter discharge from vessels (#199-97) 09.07.1997
UMTC Rules of Registration of Operations with Harmful Substances on Ships, Marine Installations and Ports (# 452/5643) 10.04.2001
Regulations on Ports of Ukraine  

II.2. Policy issues /responsible institutions (National reporting, BSIS)

II.2.1. Functions and roles/policy actions of national institutions dealing with the transboundary problem of nutrient over-enrichment/eutrophication

Role Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Ratification/signature of international conventions/agreements Council of Ministers, MoFA, MoEW  Parliament, MoFA MoEPNR Parliament, MoFA, MoEWM, MoAFRD State Duma, Council of Federation, MoFA, MoNR General Assembly, Council of Ministers, MoFA, MoEF Parliament, MoFA, MoEP 
Formulating national laws, regulations and plans for limiting and eliminating pollution of water resources MoEWMoAFMoRD Parliament (Committee for Environmental Protection and Natural Resources).MoEPNR, MoA MoEWMMoAFRDMoTCTMinistry of Administration and Interior - MoAI National level: MoNRRegional level: Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar kray (AoKK) SPOMoEF; Ministry of Agriculture - MoA  MoEPEnvironmental Committee of Ukrainian Parliament State Committee on Water Saving - ScoWT MoA
Management of Water resources MoEW, MoRD,River Basin Management Directorate - RBMD MEPNR, MoA,Local Governments MoEWM,NAAR & its river basin directorates MoNR through FAWR & its territorial bodies MoEF,General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works - GDSHW MoEPSCoWT
Water standards development MoEW, RBMD, REI, MoRD, MoH MoHSWL, MEPNR Environmental Engineering Research Institute (ICIM) FEIACS) and its territorial bodies, AoKK, Scientific and research institutions MoEF MoEP, CMU, MoH, RDEP
Issuance of concessions/permits/licenses on water use and Integrated permits for operational plants and facilities and projects, including livestock farms RBMD MoEW + MoAF MEPNR  + Sectoral Ministries National Administration Apele Romane and its branches ( NAAR )Environmental Protection Agencies - EPAs FAWR & its territorial bodies  MoAAoKK MoEFWater Supply and Sewerage Administrations (WSSA),General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (GDSHW) MoH, MoA, MoEF MoEP, CMU, RA, SCWMMoHMoEP, SES, RAMinistry of Construction, Architecture and Municipal Economy of Ukraine - MoCAME
Monitoring of surface waters, including: bathing watersgroundwaterspollution dischargeair emissions  REI,&MoHMoRD, WSC &Municipalities REI  MEPNRMoHSWL NAAR+ICIM+ IRCMNAAR+ MoHNAAR+ Local EPAsICIM + Regional & Local EPAs Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (ROSHYDROMET)FEIACS & territorial bodiesMoNR through FAWR & its territorial bodies MoEF, MoH, MoA,GDSHW MoEF, MoH,GDSHW+Municipalities, MoH, WSSAMoEF, MoH, Municipalities  SCWM,MoEP,SHMS,SEI MoH, SESSCWM, MoEPMoEP, SCWM,RDEP,SEI MoEP, SHMS
Control & enforcement in water management RBMD, MoE, MoRD MEPNR, MoF NAAR MoNR - FAWR , FSNRM& territorial bodies, AoKK MoEF, Municipalities+ WSSA MoEP/SES/RDEP/SEI/SEIBSAS
Training & capacity building MoE MoAF MoEPNR, MoA MoEWM MoAFRD AoKK Kuban State Agricultural University MoEF, MoA MEP/MA/NGOs
Regime/Registration of Pesticides and Agrochemicals MoAF, Regional MoAF Offices MoA,MoEPNR MoAFRD MoA  MoA  MoAUPCMU

II.2.2. Functions and roles/policy actions of national institutions dealing with the transboundary problem of changes in commercial marine living resources

Role Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Ratification/signature of international conventions/agreements Council of Ministers MoFA,MoEWMoAF  Parliament,MoFA MoEPNR Parliament,MoFA MoEWM,MoAFRD  State DumaCouncil of Federation MoFA, MoNRMoA General AssemblyCouncil of MinistersMoFAMoEFMoA Parliament MoFAMoEPMoA
Formulation of agricultural policies, including fisheries MoAF integrated with MoEWMoH,MRD MoA,MEPNR MoAFRD  MoA andits Agency on Fishery AoKK MoA MoA
Development of national program for developing fisheries and aquaculture MoAF MEPNR, MoA MoAFRD MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoA MoA MoEPCabinet of Ministers of Ukraine - CMU
Development of action plans for the protection of endangered fish species, including establishment of their catch prohibition MoAF &Institute of Fisheries-Varna MEPNR MoAFRD MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoA,MoEF  MoEPMoA
Maintenance of the Fisheries Database MoAF &Institute of Fisheries-Varna   MoAFRD MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoA MoEPMoA
Maintenance of the Fishing Vessels Register MAF, Executive Agency on Fisheries - EAF Ministry of Economic Development MoAFRD MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoA Ministry of Transport and Communications - MoTC
Issuance of permission for merchant fishing Same & Municipalities Local Authorities MoAFRD MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoNR MoA MoA
Inspection and control of compliance with permissions for fishing EAF MEPNR National agency for fishing and aquaculture MoA through the Federal Agency on Fishery MoNR MoA MoA MoEPState Ecological Inspection for the Black Sea and Azov Sea - SEIBSAS

 

II.2.3. Functions and roles/policy actions of national institutions dealing with the transboundary problem of chemical pollution

Role Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Ratification/signature of international conventions/agreements Council of Ministers MoFA,MoEW  Parliament,MoFA MoEPNR Parliament,MoFA MoEWM,MoAFRD State DumaCouncil of Federation MoFA, MoNR General AssemblyCouncil of MinistersMoFAMoEF Parliament MoFAMoEP 
Chemical pollution - originating from land
Formulating national laws, regulations and plans for limiting and eliminating pollution of water resources, including those for land use MoEWMoAFMoRD,MUN  Parliament (Committee for Environmental Protection and Natural Resources).MoEPNR, MoA MoEWMMoAFRDMoTCTMinistry of Administration and Interior - MoAI National level: MoNR MoRD Regional level: Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar kray (AoKK) SPOMoEF; MoAMinistry of Public Works and Settlements (MoPWS)Metropolitan Municipalities MoEPEnvironmental Committee of Ukrainian Parliament State Committee on Water Saving - SCoWTMoA,SCLR
Management of Water resources, including water supply and sanitation MoEWMoRD,River Basin Management Directorate - RBMDWSC MEPNR, MoA,Local Governments MoEWM,NAAR & its river basin directoratesMoTCT & Municipalities MoNR through FAWR & its territorial bodiesNational level - MoRDRegional level - AoKK MoEF,General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works - GDSHWMunicipalities, Water Supply and Sewerage Administrations MoEPSCoWTMunicipal water utilities
Monitoring of surface waters including:bathing watersgroundwaterswater bodies/ resources intended for human consumptionpollution dischargeair emissions   REI,&MoHMoRD, WSC &MunicipalitiesREI  MEPNRMoHSWL   + Local Governments  MEPNRMoHSWL   NAAR+ICIM+ IRCMNAAR+ MoHNAAR + Local EPAsMoH NAAR + Local EPAs ICIM + Regional & Local EPAs Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (ROSHYDROMET)FEIACS & territorial bodiesMoNR through FAWR & its territorial bodiesMoH and its territorial bodies MoEF, MoH, MoA,GDSHW MoEF, MoH,GDSHW+Municipalities, MoH, WSSA   MoEF, MoH, Municipalities  SCWM,MoEP,SHMS,SEI MoH, SESSCWM,MoEPMoEP, SCWM,RDEP,SEI  MoEP,SHMS
Control and enforcement RBMD, MoE, MoRD,MoEW MEPNRMoF , MoED NAARMoTCT&Municipalities MoNR - FAWR , FSNRM& territorial bodies, FEIACS & territorial bodiesAoKK MoEF, Municipalities+ WSSA, GDoSHW MoEP/SES/RDEP/SEI/SEIBSASMunicipalities
Regime/Registration of Pesticides and Agrochemicals MAF, Regional MAF Offices Ministry of Agriculture, MEPNR Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Agriculture MA/UP/CMU
Identification of sensitive and less sensitive areas MOEW integrated with all other cited institutions, depending on the specific case Ministry of Agriculture, MEPNR MEWM   Ministry of Environment and Forestry MEP
Chemical pollution - originating from sea
Formulation of laws/regulations for shipping activities, including contingency planning MT, Executive Agency Port Authorities (EAPA), Executive Agency Sea Administration (EASA) Ministry of Economic Development (MoED), Parliament MoTCT Ministry of Transport (MoT) Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs (UMA) UPMoTCMoEP
Implementation of Contingency plans on pollution from tankers and/or accidents on sea MT,EAPA,EASA Port Administration, MoED MoTCT,Romanian Naval Authority (RNA) MoT MoEF, UMA, General Directorate of Coastal Safety and Salvage Administration (GDoCSSA),Metropolitan Municipalities(depending on the scale) Ministry for Emergency Situations (MoES)
Inspection and control on ships and compliance with IMO Regulations regarding ballast waters MT,EAPA,EASA Port Administration, MoEPNR MoTCT,RNA MoT MoEF,UMA,   MoTC,SEI,SEIBSAS

II.2.4. Functions and roles of national institutions dealing with the identified transboundary problem of biodiversity changes, including alien species introduction

Role Bulgaria Georgia Romania Russian Federation Turkey Ukraine
Ratification/signature of international conventions/agreements Council of Ministers Ministry of Foreign Affaires - MoFA,Ministry of Environment and Waters - MoEW  Parliament,MoFA Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources - MoEPNR Parliament, MoFA Ministry of Environment and Water Management - MoEWM, Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development - MoAFRD State DumaCouncil of Federation MoFA, Ministry of Natural Resources - MoNR General AssemblyCouncil of MinistersMoFAMinistry of Environment and Forestry - MoEF Parliament MoFAMinistry of Environmental Protection - MoEP 
Formulating national laws, regulations and plans MoEWMinistry of Agriculture and Forests - MoAFMinistry of Regional Development -MoRD Parliament (Committee for Environmental Protection and Natural Resources).MoEPNR MoEWM National level: MoNRRegional level: Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar kray MoEF; State Planning Organization - SPO MoEPEnvironmental Committee of Ukrainian Parliament
Development of regional plans and strategies MoEWMoAFMoRD Ministry of Economic Development - MoEDMoEPNR MoEWM, MoAFRDMinistry of Transport, Constructions and Tourism - MoTCT Administration of Krasnodar kray (AoKK) SPO MoEF MoEP & its Regional Department of Environmental Protection Regional Administration
Management of Natural Parks/Reserves MoEW, Regional Environmental Inspectorate - REI MoEPNR MoEWM  MoNR, MoEF State Service of Nature Reserves Management - SSNRM
Enforcement MoEWREI MoEPNR MoEWMEnvironment Guard - EG  MoNR through Federal Agency for Water Resources (FAWR), Federal Service for Nature Resources Management (FSNRM) & its territorial bodies MoEF SSNRM

 

Abbreviations

 

AoKK Assembly of Krasnodar Krai
CMU Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
EAF Executive Agency on Fisheries
EAPA Executive Agency "Port Authorities"
FAWR Federal Agency for Water Resources
FEIACS Federal Environmental, Industrial and Atomic Control Service
FSNRM Federal Service for Natural Resources Management
GDoSHW/GDSHW General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works
ICIM Environmental Engineering Research Institute
IRCM Institutul Roman de Cercetari Marine (National Institute for Marine Research and Development "Grigore Antipa" - IRCM)
MEP Ministry of Environmental Protection
MoA Ministry of Agriculture
MoAF Ministry of Agriculture and Forests
MoAFRD Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development
MoE Ministry of the Environment
MoEF Ministry of Environment and Forests
MoEP Ministry of Environmental Protection
MoEPNR/MEPNR Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources
MoEW Ministry of Environment and Water
MoEWM Ministry of Environment and Water Management
MoFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MoH Ministry of Health
MoNR Ministry of Natural Resources
MoRD/MRD Ministry of Rural Development
MoT/MT Ministry of Transport
MoTC Ministry of Transport and Comunications
MoTCT Ministry of Transport, Construction and Tourism
MUN Municipalities
NAAR National Adninistration "Apele Romane"
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
RBMD River Basin Management Directorate
RDEP Regional Department for Environmental Protection
REI Regional Environment Inspectorate
SCLR State Committee for Land Resources
SCWM State Control Water Management
SEI State Ecological Inspection
SEIBSAS State Ecological Inspection for the Black Sea and Azov Sea
SES Sanitary and Epidemiology Service of Ministry of Health
SHMS State Hydro-Meteorological Service
SPO State Planning Organization
UMA Undersecretariat of Maritime Affairs
UP Ukrainian Parliament
WSC Water & Sewerage Companies
WSSA Water Supply and Sewerage Admisnistrations

 

 

II.3. Investment Projects (TDA2007)

  Identified capital investments made
  Some progress in implementing capital investments
  Further work required

 

Country Pollution source name Pollution source type Nature of investment identified under 1996 TDA Estimated Financial Requirement (1996 TDA, USD) Implemented measures 1995-2005 Capital investment costs 1995 - 2005 (USD) Planned measures for 2005 - 2015 Estimated costs for 2005-2015 plan implementation (USD)
Bulgaria Rosenets Oil Terminal WWTP Construction 8,00,000 WWTP Construction 800,000 Construction planned for completion by end 2006  
Bulgaria Varna Port WWTP Extension 700,000 WWTP Extension 700,000    
Bulgaria Burgas Port WWTP Extension 2,200,000 WWTP Extension 2,000,000    
Bulgaria Asparouhovo Domestic WWTP Extension 7,000,000 WWTP Extension 7,000,000 Plant closed  
Bulgaria Balchik Domestic WWTP Extension 8,000,000 WWTP Extension   Construction started in 2006 8,000,000
Bulgaria Sodi Soda Ash WWTP Construction 1,250,000 WWTP Construction 1,250,000 Under construction  
Bulgaria Tsarevo Domestic WWTP Extension 8,000,000 WWTP Extension 8,000,000 Under construction  
Bulgaria Neftochim Refinery WWTP Construction 2,500,000 WWTP extension 2,500,000 Construction planned for completion by end 2006  
Bulgaria Sozopol Domestic SewerageExtension 6,000,000 WWTP Extension   Construction starts 2006 6,000,000
Georgia Kutaisi Domestic WWTP Reconstruction 6,000,000        
Georgia Batumi Domestic WWTP Reconstruction 13,000,000     Water supply and sanitation for the town of Batumi 97,099,000
Georgia Chiatura Manganese WWTP Construction 10,500,000        
Georgia Poti Domestic WWTP Reconstruction 2,000,000     Water supply and sanitation for the town of Poti 16,359,000
Georgia Zestaponi Metallurgy WWTP Construction 1,500,000        
Georgia Tskhaltubo Domestic WWTP Reconstruction 1,000,000        
Georgia Zugdidi Domestic WWTP Reconstruction 1,500,000        
Romania Fertilchim Fertiliser WWTP Rehabilitation 16,750,000 Fertiliser plant was closed after 1996. Phosphates installation was re-opened in 2003/2004, but only as a storage facility      
Romania Petromidia Petrochemical WWTP Rehabilitation 9,324,000 Rehabilitation of the Navodari wastewater treatment plant, which serves both Petromidia Complex, and the neighboring city (2001-2002) 5,000,000 WWTP improvement and modernization 20,000,000
Romania Constanta North Domestic WWTP Extension 8,000,000 Extension and modernization : 16,527,209+
2,558,717+
5,687,457
Continuing - extension and modernization 21,491,692+
11,805,282+19,395,606
Romania Eforie South Domestic WWTP Extension 1,800,000 Extension and modernization: Continuing - extension and modernization .
Romania Mangalia Domestic WWTP Rehabilitation 4,000,000 Extension and modernization 18,663,334    
Romania Constanta South Domestic / Industrial WWTP Rehabilitation 42,420,000 Extension and modernization: 30,590,000+
17,571,657
Finalisation of pumping stations, sewage system and reservoirs 5,654,188
Russia Rostov-on-Don Domestic WWTP Extension 21,000,000        
Russia Taganrog Domestic WWTP Extension 13,000,000        
Russia Sheskharis Oil WWTP Rehabilitation 6,500,000 Reconstruction Included in 172,000,000 USD investment    
Russia Azov Domestic WWTP Extension 10,500,000        
Russia Tuapse Port WWTP Construction 1,400,000 Under reconstruction 200,000 Finalise reconstruction 1,000,000
Russia Anapa Domestic WWTP Extension 4,000,000 Under reconstruction 3,400,000 Finalise reconstruction 8,300,000
Russia Gelendzhik Domestic WWTP Extension 4,000,000 Reconstruction 4,000,000    
Russia Dzhoubga Domestic WWTP Extension 3,100,000 Not needed[1]      
Turkey KBI Samsun Copper WWTP Rehabilitation 7,500,000        
Turkey TUGSAS Samsun Fertiliser WWTP Rehabilitation 9,600,000        
Turkey Trabzon Domestic WWTP Construction 14,000,000        
Turkey Trabzon (Center) Domestic WWTP Construction   Marine disposal 10,670,000    
Turkey Trabzon (Srmene) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine Disposal 2,666,667
Turkey Trabzon (Of) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 2,666,667
Turkey Trabzon (Vakfıkebir) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 3,000,000
Turkey Trabzon (Arsin) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 2,000,000
Turkey Trabzon (arşıbaşı) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 2,000,000
Turkey KBI Murgul Copper WWTP Rehabilitation 2,500,000        
Turkey Samsun Domestic WWTP Construction 13,216,000        
Turkey Samsun (Terme) Domestic WWTP Construction   Biological treatment 1,730,000    
Turkey Grele Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 3,000,000
Turkey Bulancak Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine disposal 3,333,333
Turkey Zonguldak Domestic WWTP and sewerage 27,000,000        
Turkey Zonguldak (Ereğli) Domestic WWTP and sewerage 3,920,000 Marine disposal 1,660,000    
Turkey Zonguldak (Gll) Domestic WWTP and sewerage   Marine Disposal      
Turkey Giresun Domestic WWTP Construction 7,840,000        
Turkey Giresun (Bulancak) Domestic WWTP Construction   Marine disposal 68,666    
Turkey Giresun (Centre) Domestic WWTP Construction       Marine Disposal 4,000,000
Turkey Ordu Domestic WWTP Construction 7,616,000        
Turkey Ordu (Center) Domestic WWTP Construction   Marine disposal      
Turkey Ordu (Fatsa) Domestic WWTP Construction   Marine disposal 2,130,000    
Turkey Ordu (nye) Domestic WWTP Construction   Marine disposal 1,730,000    
Turkey Bafra Domestic WWTP Construction 3,808,000        
Ukraine Pivdenni Domestic WWTP Construction 1,200,000 General reconstruction 3,900,000 General reconstruction 37,000,000
Ukraine Pivnichni Domestic WWTP Construction 39,600,000 General reconstruction   General reconstruction 61,000,000
Ukraine Balaklava Domestic WWTP Construction 7,800,000        
Ukraine Yevpatoria Domestic WWTP Construction 9,500,000 Reconstruction and updating 5,170,000 Reconstruction of sewage pipeworks, etc. 4,200,000
Ukraine Sevastopol Domestic WWTP Construction 13,300,000        
Ukraine Yalta Domestic WWTP Construction 3,100,000 General reconstruction 460,000    
Ukraine Gurzuf Domestic WWTP Construction 4,200,000 General reconstruction 1,100,000    
Ukraine Kamish Burunski Iron ore WWTP Construction 1,200,000        
Ukraine Illichevsk Port WWTP Construction 1,978,000        
Ukraine Krasnoperekopsk Brom WWTP Construction 600,000 General repair works 4,800 Routine reparis  

 

II.4. Port Reception Facilities

Bulgaria

All ports/Year Actual loading of PRF for Oil/Oily waters, cub. m/year Actual loading of PRF for Garbage, cub. m/year PRF for Chemicals, cub. m/day Total Number of PRF in all ports
  2001        
2002 3022,151 1573,58 NIL 10
2003 6772,29 1683,971 NIL 10
2004 3051,224 2954,905 NIL 12
2005 6321,332 1967,573 NIL 16

Georgia

 Port/Year  PRF for Oil/Oily waters,cub. m PRF for Chemicals cub. M (Category MARPOL)  PRF for Garbage, cub. m Total Number of PRF in all ports
A B C D
Batumi 2003 300 n/a n/a n/a n/a 30 1
Poti 2003 392 n/a n/a n/a n/a 5 2
Supsa 2003 - n/a n/a n/a n/a - All from Poti
Kulevi 2008 500 end of 2008 n/a n/a n/a n/a 45 1

Romania, Russian Federation, Ukraine

Country PRF for Oil/Oily waters, cub. m/day PRF for Garbage, cub. m/day PRF for Chemicals, cub. m/day Total Number of PRF in all ports
Romania 2001 6800   800  0  7
2002  7200  900  0 7
2003  7600  1000  0 7
2004  9100  1000  0 8
2005 8700 1300  0 9
2006 9000 1250 0 10
2007 8200 1300 0 10
Russian Federation 2001        
2002        
2003        
2004 335 616 (oily water) 12 688 6222 2 PRF, 3 Incinerators, Landfills
2005        
Ukraine.  2001 No data reported      
2002        
2003        
2004        
2005        

 Russian Federation:

Ballast water treatment plants

Fig. II.4.1. Ballast Water treatment plant in Tuapse average daily flow, m3.day-1

 

Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads
Ballast water treatment plant in Tuapse       
Average daily flow, thousand m3/day 2.740 2.518 2.740 1.877 2.740 1.929 2.740 1.425 2.740 2.224 2.740 2.003
Total annual flow, thousand m3/year 1000.0 919.3 1000.0 685.1 1000.0 704.1 1000.0 519.5 1000.0 811.8 1000.0 731.4
BOD-5, mgO2/l 10.52 10 10.52 11.3 10.52 11.16 11.3 11.04 11.3 11.6 11.3 12
BOD-5, t/year 10.52 9.2 10.52 7.8 10.52 7.8 11.3 5.8 11.3 9.3 11.3 9
TSS, mg/l 4.00 3.60 4.00 4.00 4.00 3.70 4.00 3.40 4.00 4.30 4.00 4.50
TSS, t/year 4.00 3.30 4.00 2.80 4.00 2.59 4.00 1.80 4.00 3.40 4.00 3.40
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, mg/l 4.00 4.00 3.80 4.90 3.80 5.30 4.90 5.22 4.50 5.50 1.99 5.80
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, t/year 4.00 4.30 3.80 3.40 3.80 3.71 4.90 2.70 4.50 4.40 1.99 4.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads Discharge Permit Limit* Measured Discharge loads
 Ballast Water Treatment Plant in Novorossiysk 
Average daily flow, thousand m3/day 3.384 2.421 6.849 4.201 8.219 6.095 6.095 5.492 6.094 6.163 6.163 5.703
Total annual flow, thousand m3/year 1235 883.7 2500 1533.6 3000 2224.8 2224.8 2004.4 2224.4 2249.6 2249.6 2,081.5
TSS, mg/l 5.72 5.22 5.72 5.54 5.72 5.54 5.72 5.33 5.72 5.099 5.72 5.30
TSS, t/year 7.06 4.61 14.3 8.5 17.18 12.319 12.7256 10.6876 12.724 11.472 12.868 11.023
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, mg/l 1.88 1.83 1.83 1.83 1.83 1.82 1.82 1.78 1.78 1.75 1.75 1.74
Petroleum Hydrocarbons, t/year 2.47 1.62 4.57 2.8 5.49 4.0399 4.0399 3.5684 3.959 3.947 3.947 3.621

 

Turkey

PRF in Hopa port, Giresun port, Trabzon port, Samsun TCDD PORT.

SAMSUN TCDD PORT
Year Total amount
2000 675 m3
2001 625 m3
2002 650 m3
2003 610 m3
2004 580 m3
2005 605 m3

II.5. Existing ballast water management requirements according to Black Sea countries (National reporting).

Country Ballast water Management in place Ballast Water Reception Facilities Ballast Water Surveillance Other
Bulgaria Varna, mandatory BWE in Mediterranean for ballast which originates outside the Mediterranean. Similar requirement planned for the Port of Burgas.BWE in Black Sea not acceptable required [A.868(20)] and checked during vessel inspections   regional cooperation concerning designation of ballast water exchange areas in Black sea required
Georgia ballast water management guidelines A.868(20) implemented. Ballast water reception facilities available in Batumi and Poti required [A.868(20)]    
Romania     Constanta, random biological monitoring of ballast water  
Russian Federation fully developed and operational ballast water management system implemented, i.e. ballast water exchange and biological pollution control. Ballast water to be exchanged in the open Black Sea (> 12 nm from shore). Novorossiysk, non-compliance may cause delay and/or penalties.   Novorossiysk, random biological monitoring of ballast water  
Turkey no legislation/regulations governing ballast water management in force. A ballast water management system in development. required [A.868(20)] and checked    
Ukraine ballast water management guidelines A.868(20) implemented. Ships with unexchanged ballast water are prohibited to enter territorial sea required [A.868(20)] and checked Sampling for chemical contamination only.  

II.6. Landfills/Dumping sites as of 2006, volume of dumped dredged spoils

II.6.1. List of Landfills (Key to the Figure bellow)

No Landfill No Landfill No Landfill
1 Varna , village of Vaglen 22 Negru Voda 48 Yurovka village
2 Bourgas Bratovo 23 RAJAC WWTPs sludge deposit - Luminita 51 Glebovka village
3 Marinka (Bourgas) 24 SC Lafarge Romcim Medgidia 52 Istanbul, Kemerburgaz/Odayeri
4 Varna Beloslav 25 SC Etermed SA Medgidia 53 İstanbul, Şile/Kmrcoda
5 Varna Solvey Sodi (ash-slug pond) 26 SC Argus SA Constanta 54 Pervomaisk gully
6 Varna Polymeri (slug pond) 28 Marway Fertilchim SA - Navodari 55 Gaspra, Yalta
7 Agrapolychim Devnjya 29 Agighiol 56 Alushta
8 Bourgas Luk Oil 30 Vararie 57 Evpatoria,
9 Bourgas Copper Mine 31 Macin 58 Chernomorskoe
10 Batumi 32 Babadag 59 Sudak
11 Poti 33 Isaccea 60 Feodosia
12 Kobuleti 34 Sulina 61 Koktebel
15 Constanta -Ovidiu 35 SC Alum SA, Tulcea 62 Saki
13 Mangalia - Albesti 36 SC Feral SRL, Tulcea 63 Novoozernoe, GKPSU Ekologia
14 Costinesti 38 Loo village 64 Krasnoperekopsk, Crimea soda plant site, Krasnoe lake
15 Constanta port 39 Adler village 65 Krasnoperekopsk, Brom plant, Staroe lake
16 Eforie South 40 Tuapse 66 Armyansk, Titan plant
25 Medgidia 41 Lermontovo village 67 Armyansk
18 Harsova 42 Kabardinka village 68 Primorske
19 Cernavoda 43 Tekos village 69 Primorske
20 Techirghiol 44 Dzhanhot village    
21 Basarabi 45 Krasniy village    

Figure II. 6. 1. Location of known landfills

II.6. 2. Dumping Sites in the Black Sea area[2] (National reporting, BSIS)

Country Deposit or dumping site Coordinates Categories of waste Origin: Name of Water System Type of areas dredged Estuary
GE Poti Port No data dredged spoils Black Sea Port Chorokhi
RO Constanta Southern Port N 4405'48, E 28 40'08 dredged spoils Black Sea Port  
RO Sulina jetis N 44 9' , E 29 4' 42 dredged spoils Danube River Canal  
RO Constanta Southern Port N 4405'48, E 28 40'08 dredged spoils Black Sea Port  
RO Sulina jettis N 44 9' , E 29 4' 42''E dredged spoils Danube River Canal Danube
RU Novorossijsk N 4437'18, E 3754'57 dredged spoils Black Sea port harbor  
RU Temruik-Kavkaz   no dredging Black Sea port harbor  
UA Odessa port N 462400, E 310000 dredged spoils Black Sea port harbour  
UA Illichivsk port N 461200 , E 304900 dredged spoils Black Sea port harbour  
UA Kherch port N 445100 , E 362400 dredged spoils Black Sea port harbour  
UA Uzhnyi Port N 462523, E 310130 dredged spoils Black Sea port harbour  
UA Sevastopol Port N 443200, E 330500        
UA Dnister, Dnister, Dnipro-Bug limans  No data dredged spoils Black Sea port harbour  

II.7. Status of National Contingency Plans (Based on National and Regional Gap Analysis reports, 2007)

  National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (s) Implementing bodies/area of response Risk assessment / priority areas Emergency response centers Cooperation with private sector
Bulgaria Exist (2003) - needs update Identified/identified Made / identified Established Involved
Georgia Draft exist (2007) Identified/identified Will be made No information No information
Romania Exist (2006) Identified/identified No information Established Involved
Russian Federation Exist (2003) Identified/identified No information No information Involved
Turkey Under preparation (to be ready and operational in 2008-2010 for Tiers 1-2-3)Local plans are available and appliedAt present, provisions of Law No:5312 are applied. Will be identified/identified   At present, identified according to the Law  Included(Already made, regional/national plans are being prepared according to this database and senarios of spill dispersion) Included Foreseen
Ukraine Under preparationLocal plans are available and applied No information No information No information Foreseen

II. 8. Number (n) and volume (metric tones) of oil spills between 1996-2006 in the Black Sea (National reporting, BSIS)

Country 1996 1997 1998 `1999 2000 2001
  n t n t n t n t n t n t
Bulgaria                        
Georgia                        
Romania 6 18 17 40 11 32 19 56 17 42 6 9
Russian Federation 5 15.3 6 176.1 5 13.4 4 4.9 3 29.8 3 0.94
Turkey                        
Ukraine 4 6.0 6 50.7 6 8.1 8 4.3 9 9.1 19 3.5
Total 15 42 29 267.7 22 57.1 31 73.3 54 88.1 28 13.44

 

Country 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
  n t n t n t n t n t
Bulgaria     4 < 1 6 <1 11 <1 15 <1
Georgia     1 1.0     2 0.1 3 6
Romania 7   2 0.23 3 1.3 9 9 8 42.15
Russian Federation 7 2.25 1 3.0 6 1.09 10 31.63 10 10.29
Turkey 1 25 1 230         3  
Ukraine 5 8.79 16 14.64 13 1.2 4 37.0 6 75
Total 20 36.04 25 248.87 28 3.59 36 77.73 45 133.44

II.9. Coastal Lagoons and Spawning Grounds Intended for Restoration in the Years 2001-2005.

Country Lagoons and Spawning Grounds Intended for Restoration Effects of measures
Bulgaria Project for protection an area of about 6 500 ha along the northern part of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast by means of so called cold mines - protectors against illegal bottom trawling. which destroy the spawning and nursery grounds, mainly for Gobies and Turbot.   The project was implemented and the turbot stocks are now in the process of assessment. Gobies and Turbot feel better not because of the mines, but due to stronger control on illegal fishery and lack of anoxia. 
Georgia Poti - Ochamchiri No management in place, not designated as MPAs, no special protection measures.
Romania The Danube Biosperic Biological Reserve and Marine Reserve 2 Mai Vama Veche They were designated as MPAs
Russian Federation The Russian Government and the State Duma elaborate a new Bill on sturgeons conservation that envisages measures for protection of these areas. The sturgeons are still in a very depleted stay.
Turkey No information is available. Fishing of Turbot is forbidden in May
Ukraine During the spawning period fishery activities on spawning grounds not allowed. There is a strict control and fisheries inspections during spawning periods, there were bans for Turbot and sturgeon catches for a number of years, recently the ban for turbot was waived due to improved stock.

 

II.10. Illegal Fishing Practices (SoE 2008)

Mean annual and unreported catches and total abundance of Russian sturgeon according to the data of trawl surveys in 1988 - 2005 in the Sea of Azov (assessments of unreported catch were taken from Shlyakhov et al., 2005)

Years Total abundance (thousand individuals) Catch, tons
Official Unreported
1988-90 12606 772* 4814
1992-94 8264 1143* 3213
1995-97 4357 427 2040
1998-00 2785 156 984
2001-03 1757 6 109
2004-05 745 1 54

* - Russian sturgeon and starred sturgeon

II.11. Release of Young Commercial Fishes into the Natural Water Bodies of the Azov and Black Sea Basin

Bulgaria

Year Total number А.gulld. Average weight H.huso Average weight A.rutenus Average weight
  tones tones (G) tones (G) tones (G)
1998 1 500 1000 250 200 300 300 180
1999 30100 27 400 230 2 700 320 - -
2000 21150 20 400 200 750 350 - -
2001 28 100 28 100 200 - - - -
2002 23 530 22 530 280 - - 1 000 -
2003 166 617 161 317 82 5 300 5 - -
2004 211 126 127 000 18,87 - - - -
2005* 120 000 120 000 20 - - - -
Total 482 123 387 747   8 950   1 300  

Georgia

no release.

Romania

no reporting.

Russia-

no reporting.

Turkey

The last reporting on re-stocking of Turbot (Psetta maxima) was submitted in 2002 (re-stocking is continued at present). There has been no re-stocking programme for other species.

Year Cultivated Species, Latin Number of released young fish per year Name of Mariculture Enterprise Geographical location (if possible coordinates)
1999 Psetta maxima (Turbot) 1 839 Trabzon Central Fisheries Research Institute Trabzon
2000 Psetta maxima 5 000 Trabzon Central Fisheries Research Institute Trabzon
2001 Psetta maxima 2 000 Trabzon Central Fisheries Research Institute Trabzon
2002 Psetta maxima 10 000 Trabzon Central Fisheries Research Institute Trabzon
 Total   18 839    

Ukraine

  Year Cultivated Species, Latin Number of released young fish per year, millions per year Name of Mariculture Enterprise Geographical location (if possible coordinates)
  2002 Acipenser gueldenstaedtii 2.366 The Dneprovsky (Dnieper) Sturgeons' Rearing Plant The Lower Dnieper
  2002 Acipenser stellatus 0.142   The Karkinitsky Bay
  2002 Psetta maxima 0.250 Krymazcherrybvod  
Total 2002 Acipenseridae, Pleuronectiformes 2.758    
  2004 Acipenser gueldenstaedtii 1.071 The Dneprovsky (Dnieper) Sturgeons' Rearing Plant The Lower Dnieper
  2004 Psetta maxima 0.45 Krymazcherrybvod The Karkinitsky Bay
Total 2004 Acipenseridae, Pleuronectiformes 1.521    
  2005 Acipenser gueldenstaedtii 0.354 Industrial Experimental Dneprovsky (Dnieper) Sturgeons' Rearing Plant The Lower Dnieper
Total 2005 Acipenseridae, Pleuronectiformes 0.354    

II.12. Aquaculture Enterprises and Production

Fig. II.12. Aquaculture production in Bulgaria

 

Black Sea mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis)

Year 2004 2005
Production, tons 52.89 170.59

Georgia:

not reported

Romania

One small marine farm named MARICULTURA SRL. The species cultivated is Mytilus galloprovincialis on long line system. This farm has not reported production.

Inland Aquaculture

According to the statistics provided by Ministry of Agriculture, there are 100,000 ha for aquaculture activities in Romania, structured as follows: 84,500 ha fish farms, 15,500 hatcheries, and 25 ha trout farms; 381 companies were registered on 31.03.2006, of which 166 with hatcheries. Out of the 100,000 ha used for aquaculture in 1989, degraded or unused areas in 2005 amounted at 28,000 ha

The species structure production in Romania is dominated by the cyprinids, both native and imported from Asia, representing about 85% of the total no. of species, followed by trout, zander, pike, catfish, fresh water sturgeon (15%).

The main species of fish bred are: common carp, East-Asian carp (silver carp, grass carp, black carp), rainbow trout, pike perch, pike, catfish and crucian carp.

The aquaculture enterprises are recorded in the Fish Farms Register, within the National Agency for Fishing and Aquaculture, which issues an aquaculture license. Until 31.03.2006, 381 companies were registered, of which 166 with hatcheries.

At the end of 2005, the aquaculture production was of 7,248 tons and represented 54.55% of the total fish production. The production in 2005 stands for 36.73% of the one in 1995. Over the past years, aquaculture production has been decreasing, from 9041.69 tons in 2003, to 8,056 tons in 2004 and up to 7,284 tons in 2005.

Russian Federation

no reporting.

Turkey:

Black Sea region (Inland-Marine)

YEARS 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Number of Inland Firms 16 373 372 408 284 355
Inland Capacity (tons/yr) 183 4.824 5.195 4.767 5.456 7.194
Number of Marine Firms 19 17 16 13 12 13
Marine Capacity (tons/yr) 1.434 1.504 1.444 1.830 3.410 4.810

No mussel rearing in Turkish Waters as per 2006.

Ukraine

Year Mussel Farms Production (Black Sea and Kerch Strait)& Special Commercial Fish Rearing Farms (Odessa Region), (tons/yr) Production of only marine species fish, (tons/yr)
1996   250
1997   37
1998   -
1999   10
2000 6 15
2001 14 100
2002 18 77
2003 25 216
2004 26 400
2005 33 736
2006 30 413
2007 23 535

II.13. Black Sea Facilities Keeping Marine Mammals in Captivity (Dolphinaria

During the 15th meeting of the Scientific Committee of ACCOBAMS the following information was presented (ACCOBAMS-SC5/2008/Doc 15):

Bulgaria,

A Party to ACCOBAMS, holds dolphins in captivity in one facility. The Varna Dolphinarium was established in 1984 with five wild-caught bottlenose dolphins imported from Cuba, although there are no CITES records to confirm this. At present most animals (but one) are represented by descendants of those Caribbean cetaceans. Shows are offered to the public.

Georgia

We are not aware of any facilities holding dolphins in captivity in Georgia at present, a Party to ACCOBAMS. A former dolphinarium at Batumi was closed in 1991. Recent reports suggest there are proposals to reopen a facility there, as new Batumi dolphinarium is currently under construction. The CITES trade database records an import of three wild-caught bottlenose dolphins from Ukraine in 2001, but WDCS is not able to verify whether the trade actually occurred.

Therefore at present there are no operating dolphinarium and captive cetaceans in Georgia. In the early 1990s the bottlenose dolphins were taken from the former Batumi dolphinarium and exported to Yugoslavia, then re-exported to Malta, finally all of them died in captivity.

Romania

Romania, a Party to ACCOBAMS, holds dolphins in captivity in one facility. The Constanta Dolphinarium holds only one Black Sea bottlenose dolphin imported from Russia, although three animals of the same species were imported in or around 1998. In 2005, a common dolphin was also held at the dolphinarium, following a stranding but has now died. CITES trade data records the import of three wild-caught bottlenose dolphins from the Russian Federation in 1998. There is also one southern sea lion at the pool in Constanta.

Russian Federation

There are at least eight facilities holding dolphins in captivity in Russia, an ACCOBAMS range state. The facilities are located in Bolshoy Utrish (Anapa), Maly Utrish (Novorossiysk), Gelendzhik, Sochi, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-na-Donu and Yessentuki. Dolphins are also used in Russian traveling circuses. Live captures and international trade are important issues in the Russian Federation. Well over 100 wild-caught Black Sea bottlenose dolphins were exported from the Russian Federation between 1990 and 2001 to dolphinarium facilities around the world. The trade, although continuing, has lessened since a proposal was approved at the 12th Conference of the Parties to CITES to retain the Black Sea bottlenose dolphin on CITES Appendix II but with a quota set at zero for the export of live dolphins wild-captured in the Black Sea for primarily commercial purposes. Between 1990 and 2005, 165 belugas were exported from the Russian Federation for display in dolphinaria around the world. The vast majority, if not all of these animals, were captured from the wild. CITES trade data records the export of 156 bottlenose dolphins between 1992 and 2003.

There are two dolphinaria in Moscow, and another one is situated in Lazarevskaya (Russian Caucasus).

Turkey

Turkey, an ACCOBAMS range state has at least nine facilities holding dolphins in captivity. In November 2006 there were seven facilities:

1) Dolphinland, Antalya holds one beluga and two bottlenose dolphins from Russia and offers shows, swimming with dolphins and dolphin assisted therapy.

2) Troy Dolphinarium, Antalya holds one beluga and two bottlenose dolphins from Ukraine and Russia and offers shows and swimming with dolphins.

3) Moonlight Dolphinarium, Antalya holds two bottlenose dolphins from Ukraine and offers shows, swimming with dolphins and dolphin assisted therapy.

4) Dolphinarium, Kas holds two bottlenose dolphins captured in Turkey and offers dolphin assisted therapy.

5) Adaland, Kuşadasi holds three bottlenose dolphins and offers shows.

6) Dolphinarium, Bodrum holds one bottlenose dolphin from the Black Sea and offers shows and swimming with dolphins.

7) Aqua Dolphin, Istanbul holds one bottlenose dolphin from the Black Sea and offers shows.

An eighth dolphinarium has opened in Marmaris offering dolphin assisted therapy, a ninth, Adaland, in Alanya, due to open in April 2008 displaying bottlenose dolphins imported from Japan and offering dolphin assisted therapy and reports suggest additional facilities are also proposed in Istanbul and Fethiye. In 1995, four Black Sea bottlenose dolphins were imported from Ukraine and held in sea pens in Marmaris harbour. They were returned in the same year and the facility closed. CITES trade data records the import of 23 bottlenose dolphins, eight each year in 2001 and 2002, including four from Ukraine, four introductions from the sea, four from the Russian Federation and a further four from Ukraine that originated in the Russian Federation and seven in 2005 and 2006 from Russian and Ukraine, including five wild-captured from Ukraine.

Ukraine

There are 11 facilities holding dolphins in captivity in Ukraine, a Party to ACCOBAMS.

1. Yalta (two dolphinaria) holds two bottlenose dolphins and a beluga.

2. Odessa dolphinaria (two) hold at least two bottlenose dolphins.

3. Sudak dolphinarium (Karadag biostation) holds at least two bottlenose dolphins for shows and research.

4. Yevpatoria dolphinarium holds at least two bottlenose dolphins for dolphin therapy.

5. Ukraine State Oceanarium/Sanatorium holds around a dozen bottlenose dolphins, including individuals captured in the Ukrainian waters of the Black Sea, for swimming with dolphins and dolphin assisted therapy.

Further facilities are located at Partenit (Alushta), Feodosia, Koktebel (Feodosia) and Sevastopol (two). Ukraine was involved in the trade in bottlenose dolphins from the Black Sea between the mid-1980s and late 1990s. CITES trade data records imports of 26 wild-caught bottlenose dolphins from the Russian Federation between 1995 and 2006. Exports of 27 bottlenose dolphins, the majority wild-captured, are also recorded between 2002 and 2006, including to Belarus, Lebanon, Turkey and Georgia.

Marine mammals rehabilitation center is situated on lake Donuzlav (NW Crimea). II. 14. Protected Areas

II.4. Protected areas

II.14.1.Full List of Protected Areas in the Black Sea region

The list of protected areas in the Black Sea region may be found at (http://www.unep-wcmc.org/protected_areas/UN_list/)

Site Name Country Longitude Latitude Designation IUCN Cat Marine Character Date of designation Area (ha) 
Zlatni pyassatsi Bulgaria 28.033 43.333 Nature Park V      
Kamtchia Bulgaria 27.850 43.033 Strict Nature Reserve Ib Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1951 842
Kaliakra Bulgaria 28.483 43.333 Strict Nature Reserve Ib      
Silistar Bulgaria 27.850 42.167 Protected Site IV      
Nakovo kladenche Bulgaria 28.017 42.050 Natural Monument III      
Nos Emine Bulgaria 27.883 42.750 Natural Monument III      
Nos Chervenka Bulgaria 27.654 42.431 Natural Monument III      
Skalni obrazuvania Bulgaria 27.733 42.333 Natural Monument III      
Smrikite Bulgaria 27.898 42.775 Protected Site III      
Nesebar Bulgaria 27.728 42.656 State Game Breeding Station Unset      
Koketrays Bulgaria 27.717 42.650 Protected Site IV      
Koreniata Bulgaria 27.667 42.433 Protected Site III      
Halm na osvoboditelite Bulgaria 27.533 42.550 Natural Monument III      
Piasachni diuni Bulgaria 27.583 42.467 Natural Monument III      
Piasachni diuni Bulgaria 27.716 42.357 Natural Monument III      
Belite skali Bulgaria 27.899 42.882 Natural Monument III      
Yailata Bulgaria 28.529 43.428 Protected Site III      
Bichvinta-Miusera Georgia 40.433 43.189 Nature Reserve Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1965 3,645
Kolkheti Georgia 41.600 42.230 National Park II      
Kobuleti Georgia 41.800 41.850 Hunting Reserve IV      
Dunele marine de la Agigea Romania 28.644 44.089 Nature Reserve IV      
Periteasca-Gura Portita Romania 29.033 44.733 Nature Reserve (part of 28791) Unset Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1961 3,900
Danube Delta Romania 29.300 45.300 Biosphere Reserve II Marine - IUCN MPA, Intertidal - IUCN MPA & Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1991 576,216
Complexul Periteasca - Leahova Romania 29.017 44.717 Scientific Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 4,125
Sahalin-Zatoane Romania 29.417 44.817 Nature Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 24,250
Capul Dolosman Romania 28.917 44.750 Scientific Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 125
Grindul Lupilor Romania 28.917 44.667 Scientific Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 2,075
Istria-Sinoe Romania 28.767 44.517 Nature Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 350
Grindul Chituc Romania 28.900 44.550 Scientific Reserve (part of 28791) Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1990 2,300
Vama Veche - 2 Mai (Acvatoriul litoral marin) Romania 28.641 43.763 Scientific Reserve Ia      
Delta Dunarii Romania 29.291 44.749 Biosphere Reserve - Marine Buffer Zone to 50 m depth (part of 28791) Unset      
Mys Panagiya Russian Federation 36.633 45.141 Nature Monument III      
Mys Zheleznyi Rog Russian Federation 36.737 45.116 Nature Monument III      
Ozero Solenoe Russian Federation 36.886 45.117 Nature Monument III      
Gora Miska Russian Federation 37.420 45.268 Nature Monument III      
Mestoobitaniya lotosa v limane Srednem Russian Federation 38.167 45.770 Nature Monument III      
Mestoobitaniya lotosa v Sadkovskom girle Russian Federation 38.085 45.904 Nature Monument III      
Skala Praus Russian Federation 38.172 44.447 Nature Monument III      
Skala Kiseleva Russian Federation 39.034 44.123 Nature Monument III      
Sochinskiy Russian Federation 39.471 43.962 Zakaznik IV Unverified by MPA Global   48,450
Bol'shoi Utrish Russian Federation 37.404 44.754 Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve IV Unverified by MPA Global   8,700
Tamano-Zaporozhskiy Russian Federation 36.765 45.292 Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve IV Unverified by MPA Global   30,000
Priazovskiy Russian Federation 37.709 45.593 Zakaznik IV      
Ozero Khanskoe Russian Federation 38.376 46.245 Nature Monument III      
Kosa Dolgaya Russian Federation 37.734 46.681 Nature Monument III      
Rostovskoe GOOH (Azovskiy uchastok) Russian Federation 39.277 47.167 Managed Resource Protected Area VI Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA   ?
Girlovskiy Russian Federation 39.278 47.231 Zakaznik IV      
Del'ta Dona Russian Federation 39.490 47.136 Zakaznik IV      
_N/A No 901 (Rostovskaya obl.) Russian Federation 39.189 47.146 Other Area Unset Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA   ?
Acarlar Golu Turkey 30.467 41.133 Game Reserve Unset      
Haciosman Forest Turkey 36.333 41.333 Nature Reserve Ia      
Kucukkertil Forest Turkey 37.867 41.000 Recreation Area Unset      
Camgol Forest Turkey 36.367 41.283 Protected Forest Unset      
Kuztepe Forest Turkey 35.150 42.033 Recreation Area Unset      
Meryem Ana Forest Turkey 39.717 41.000 Recreation Area Unset      
Sarikum Turkey 34.850 42.017 Nature Reserve Ia      
Chernomorskiy Ukraine 31.921 46.273 National Biosphere Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1927 87,348
Azovo-Sivashskoye Ukraine 35.200 46.217 Regional Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1957 57,430
Krymskoye Ukraine 34.300 44.750 Regional Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1957 42,957
Karadagskiy Ukraine 35.228 44.928 Nature Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1979 2,874
Mys Martiyan Ukraine 34.247 44.508 Nature Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Intertidal - IUCN MPA & Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1973 240
Krimskiy Ukraine 34.167 44.467 State Zakaznik Ia      
Azovo-Sivashskiy Ukraine 34.495 46.110 National Park II      
Gora Opuk ta ostrovi Skeli-Korabli Ukraine 36.220 45.030 Zapovedne Urotchische III      
Gora Opuk ta ostrovi Skeli-Korabli Ukraine 36.190 45.020 Zapovedne Urotchische III      
Mis Alchak u m.Sudak Ukraine 34.990 44.830 Zapovedne Urotchische III      
Atlesh Ukraine 32.550 45.330 Zapovedne Urotchische III      
Gay fistashki tupolistoi Ukraine 34.490 44.730 Zapovedne Urotchische III      
Nikits'kiy Ukraine 34.230 44.500 State Botanical Garden Unset      
Melas'kiy Ukraine 33.820 44.390 Regional Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Nizhnya Oreanda Ukraine 34.140 44.450 Regional Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Girniy Ukraine 34.300 44.550 Regional Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Komsomol's'kiy Ukraine 34.310 44.550 Regional Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Akval'niy kompleks Arabats'koi strilki Ukraine 35.520 45.280 Regional Nature Monument III      
Pribrezhniy akval'niy kompleks u m. Opuk i ostroviv Ukraine 36.210 45.020 Regional Nature Monument III      
Mis Chauda Ukraine 35.830 45.000 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks bilya girs'kogo masivu Karaul-Oba Ukraine 34.890 44.810 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks mizh s.Noviy Svit ta m.Sudak Ukraine 34.940 44.830 Regional Nature Monument III      
Bakal's'ka kosa, ozero ta priberezhniy kompleks Ukraine 33.150 45.740 Regional Nature Monument III      
Chastina poberezhzhya bilya s. Mikolaivka Ukraine 33.600 44.960 Regional Nature Monument III      
Skelya Ifigeniya Ukraine 33.890 44.400 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks bilya skeli Diva ta gori Kishka Ukraine 33.990 44.390 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks bilya skeli misu Ay-Todor Ukraine 34.120 44.420 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks bilya m. Plaka Ukraine 34.360 44.590 Regional Nature Monument III      
Gay yalovtsyu visokogo v r-ni Semidvir'ya Ukraine 34.460 44.710 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy kompleks mizh s. Sonyachnogirs'kom ta Malerichens'kim Ukraine 34.550 44.750 Regional Nature Monument III      
Skeli-ostrivki Adalari Ukraine 34.300 44.540 Regional Nature Monument III      
Dilyanka uzberezhzhya Azovs'kogo morya Ukraine 36.660 46.780 Regional Nature Monument III      
Ostriv Velikiy Dzenzik Ukraine 36.760 46.660 Regional Nature Monument III      
Girlo richki Berda z Solodkim limanom Ukraine 36.880 46.800 Regional Nature Monument III      
Ostriv Maliy Dzenzik z arkhipelagom Astapikha Ukraine 36.800 46.680 Regional Nature Monument III      
Kriva kosa Ukraine 38.110 47.040 Regional Nature Monument III      
Alupkins'kiy Ukraine 34.050 44.410 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Miskhors'kiy Ukraine 34.070 44.420 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Kharaks'kiy Ukraine 34.100 44.420 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Livadiys'kiy Ukraine 34.150 44.470 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Massandrivs'kiy Ukraine 34.170 44.490 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Gurzufs'kiy Ukraine 34.280 44.540 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Kiparisniy Ukraine 34.290 44.540 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Utes Ukraine 34.370 44.590 State Park - Monument of Orchard - Park Art III      
Gora Koshka Ukraine 33.980 44.400 State Nature Monument III      
Karaul-oba Ukraine 34.900 44.820 State Nature Monument III      
Tsilina na kintsi Berdyans'koi kosi Ukraine 36.760 46.630 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Lisyacha balka Ukraine 36.530 46.750 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Niziv'ya Tiligul's'kogo limanu Ukraine 31.210 46.620 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Pivdennoberezhni dibrovi Ukraine 34.150 44.460 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Mis Fiolent Ukraine 33.490 44.500 State Zakaznik IV      
Arabats'kiy Ukraine 35.450 45.300 State Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1974 600
Noviy Svit Ukraine 34.910 44.820 State Zakaznik IV      
Kanaka Ukraine 34.630 44.780 State Zakaznik IV      
Ayu-Dag Ukraine 34.340 44.550 State Zakaznik IV      
Bakays'kiy Ukraine 32.304 46.508 State Zakaznik IV      
Bilosarays'ka kosa Ukraine 37.326 46.914 State Zakaznik IV      
Dunaiskiy /Danube Delta Ukraine 29.655 45.400 National Biosphere Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1998 46,402
Dzhangul's'kiy Ukraine 32.563 45.466 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Dzharilgats'kiy Ukraine 33.010 46.015 State Zakaznik IV      
Karalars'kiy Ukraine 36.171 45.448 Regional Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1988 5,900
Karkinits'ka zatoka Ukraine 33.476 45.917 State Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1978 27,646
Kazantypskyi Ukraine 35.847 45.462 Nature Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1998 450
Kosa Fedotova Ukraine 35.309 46.305 State Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1996 1,910
Kosa Obitochna Ukraine 36.231 46.576 State Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1980 8,863
Lebedini ostrovi Ukraine 33.527 45.860 Nature Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA   ?
Molochniy liman Ukraine 35.350 46.547 State Zakaznik IV      
Opukskyi Ukraine 36.212 45.045 Nature Zapovednik Ia Marine - IUCN MPA & Intertidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1998 1,592
Priberezhniy akval'niy kompleks bilya gori Ayu-Dag Ukraine 34.347 44.553 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy akval'niy kompleks u Dzhangul's'kogo suvnogo uzhberezhzhya Ukraine 32.564 45.472 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy akval'niy kompleks u m. Atlesh Ukraine 32.564 45.331 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy akval'niy kompleks u m. Karangat Ukraine 35.949 45.012 Regional Nature Monument III      
Priberezhniy akval'niy kompleks u m. Khroni Ukraine 36.587 45.440 Regional Nature Monument III      
Prisivashs'kiy Ukraine 34.932 45.660 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Stepanivs'ka kosa Ukraine 35.464 46.444 Regional Zakaznik IV      
Yagorlits'kiy Ukraine 31.864 46.432 State Zakaznik IV Marine - IUCN MPA, Subtidal - IUCN MPA 01/01/1974 18,620

 

 

II. 14. 2. Protected Areas in the Black Sea Coastal States (National reporting)

Fig. II.14.1. Protected Areas in Bulgaria (1) and in Georgia (2)

Bulgaria:

In Bulgaria the Black Sea and coast comprises 42 designated protected areas: mainly coastal terrestrial, wetlands (Ramsar sites) and between them Ivan and Peter Islands, Koketrais banka (Bourgas Bay) and Cape Kaliakra reserve. Cape Kaliakra is situated at the end of a long and narrow peninsula on the Western coast of the Black Sea. The reserve occupies 687,5 ha and besides the steppe areas includes cliffs up to 70 m high.

Georgia:

The Kolkheti National Park (wetlands and marine) is designated as marine protected area among 23 other conservation sites in Georgia. Recognized as an important natural area early in the 20th century, a 500 hectare area of swampy forest and mire between the Rioni and Pichori Rivers was established as Kolkheti Nature Reserve in 1935. The world-wide significance of the region was acknowledged in 1996 when Georgia joined the international convention on wetlands, known as the Ramsar convention, and all the mires and other natural areas of the Kolkheti lowlands were identified as Ramsar sites of international importance.

Romania: Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (Fig. ), hosting an amazing range of habitats and life forms, in a relative small area, is a real museum of biodiversity, a natural genetic bank with incalculable value for the worldwide natural patrimony.

Fig. II.14.2. Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.

In 1990, by the Government of Romania and by the Romanian Parliament, through Law 82/1993, the Danube Delta was recognized as a Biosphere Reserve. This reserve has an administration, a management plan and rules for the activities.

The Marine Reserve 2 Mai - VamaVeche was founded through Decision 31/1980 of the Constanta County Council (Romania), and confirmed as a protected area by Law No. 5/2000, regarding the approval of the National territory arrangement plan, code 2.345. Starting with June 2004, the reserve was put, for a period of five years, under the custody of the Grigore Antipa National Institute for Marine Research and Development, which triggered a series of activities aimed to lead to the application of a proper management, accordingly with the present requirements.

The reserve has a custodian teams and the Management Plan and the Rules was approved by the Romanian Academy and under approval by the Ministry of Environment and Water Management.

Under MO no 1964/2007 on establishing the status of protected areas of sites with communitarian importance which are integrated in NATURA 2000 network, 6 protected areas were integrated in marine protected areas network (Danube Delta reserve, metanogenous structures Sf. Gheorghe, submersal beach Eforie , Capul Tuzla, marine sulphorous pounds Mangalia, Marine Reserve 2 Mai - Vama Veche).

Romania

In Romania birds marine protected areas had been designated under GD 1284/2007 on establishing special protected areas of avifauna as part of ecological European Natura 2000 network in Romania

Russian Federation: There are a number of protected areas at the Russian Azov and Black Sea coasts (totally 1050 km). The most important of them are Caucasus biosphere reserve (280 thousand ha) and Sochi National Park (190 thousand ha).

Two wetland sites at the Azov Sea coast have international importance (Ramsar sites) and two protected areas are of national significance - Priazovskiy (42 thousand ha) and Tamano-Zaporozhskiy (30 thousand ha) natural reserves.

At the Black Sea coast the state coastal and marine reserve Bolshoy Utrish was created by Resolution of Krasnodar Kray Governor in 1994. The area is 20 km away from Anapa and its size is 5112 ha, including 2582 ha of land and 2530 ha of the Black Sea.

Turkey:

There are several terrestrial protected sites (Fig. II.14.3) national parks, nature protection sites etc.) along the Turkish Black Sea Coast, however, no officially recognized marine protected areas are available in Turkish waters. Besides, there are two candidate sites to be established as marine protected areas: Kızılırmak Delta (Fig. II.14.4 (1)) and Yeşilırmak Delta (Fig. II.14.4 (2)). Basin management and ecosystem approach can be easily applied for both sites. Both areas contain freshwater, terrestrial and marine habitats. Therefore, the status of present wetlands and protected areas which have a marine coastline is planned to be expanded to include Black Sea coastal waters and to provide the Turkish coast with real integrated coastal zone management for its sustainable development.

Fig. II.14.3. Protected areas along the Turkish coast.

 

Fig. II.14.4. Kizilrmak (1) and Yesilirmak (2) Deltas.

KIZILIRMAK DELTA:

Coordinates:41 30' N -  36  05' E; Area :30.440 ha;

Wetlands:16.110 ha

Conservation Status:

- Wildlife Conservation Area

- Natural Preservation Site

- RAMSAR SITE (Kızılırmak Delta has been designated as a RAMSAR site since 15 - 04-1998)

Has Environmental Management Plan.  

 

YEŞİLIRMAK DELTA:

Coordinates: 41 17N - 36 56EArea: 20120 haWetlands: 10500 haConservation Status:- Wildlife Conservation Area- Natural Preservation Site - Internationally Important Wetland  

Ukraine:

Coastline1802 km, list of marine protected areas as follows: in this list not included local protected areas and protected areas of categories less than regional reserves or parks.

Photos of Ukrainian protected areas (first line - Danube biosphere reserve, B. Aleksandrov, Island Zmeiny, photo Evgeniy Gazetov, Karadag; second line - underwater photos of A. Vershinin nearby Karadag).

Ukraine is rich in wetlands, including rivers, lakes, ponds, reservations, limans, saline lakes, marshes, peat bogs, floodplains and swamp forests. Approximately 5.3 % of Ukraine is covered by wetlands, 3.8 % of them are wet meadows. Total area of marine protected area of Ukraine, that includes main part of the coastal wetlands, is about 261 thousands ha. Protected aquatic area is about 61% (1588 km2).The biggest protected areas are: Danube Biosphere Reserve (46403 ha) where 950 species of plant and more than 5000 species of animals were registered, Black Sea Biosphere Reserve (> 100000 ha; 851 plant and 4832 animals species), Azov-Syvash National Nature Park (57400 ha; 308 plant and > 5000 animals species), Karadagsky Nature Reserve (2874 ha; 2782 plant and 3816 animals species). The nomination of this protected area was aimed at conservation, reproduction and rehabilitation of its relic endemic and rare species and landscapes, at maintenance of ecological balance and regulated recreational use of the reserves natural resources. This areas is referred as to a piece of pristine Nature with special healing potential.

Fig. II.14.5. Black Sea Coastal / Marine Protected Areas reported to UNEP-WCMC

II.15. Habitats: Habitats, biocoenoses or ecosystems, which are in danger of disappearing in their natural area of distribution or have a reduced natural area of distribution or aesthetic values (National reporting)

II.15.1. List of habitats typical of the Black Sea environment [absent (X), present (p), critical (CR)] (Example from the Romanian Black Sea).

Black Sea Habitats National habitats ROMANIA
Pelagic habitats (water column)  
1. Neritic CR
2. Open sea p
Benthic habitats
1. Supralittoral rock
1.1 Association of Littorina neritoides, Lygia italica and Tylos latreillei on exposed or moderately exposed supralittoral rock x
1.2 Chthamalus stellatus on exposed supralittoral rock x
2. Supralittoral sand
2.1 Talitrid amphipods in decomposing seaweed on the sand-line p
3. Mediolittoral rock
3.1 Mussels and/or barnacles on very/moderately exposed mediolittoral rock p
3.2 Corallina turfs on very exposed mediolittoral rock p
3.3 Enteromorpha spp. with minor development of Ceramium, Cladophora, Corallina, Porphyra p
4. Mediolittoral sand and muddy sands
4.1 Coarse sands with Donacilla cornea and facultative Ophelia bicornis CR
4.2 Fine sands with Pontogammarus maeoticus p
5. Sublittoral rock/other hard subsata
5.1 Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis on exposed or moderately exposed infralittoral rock - vertical or bedrock CR
5.2 Association with Cystoseira spp. on exposed or moderately exposed infralittoral bedrock and boulders CR
5.3 Association of green and red seaweeds on moderately exposed or sheltered infralittoral rock Enteromorpha, Ulva, Porphyra p
5.4 Pholas dactylus and/or Barnea candida in infralittoral soft rock. CR
5.5 Petricola litophaga in infralittoral hard rock CR
5.6 Spirorbid worms on infralittoral rock, Vermiliopsis infundibulum biogenic rocks x
5.7 Sponge crusts, colonial ascidians and a bryozoan/hydroid turf on moderately exposed to sheltered infralittoral rock p
5.8 Polydora sp. tubes on infralittoral soft rock p
5.9 Ficopomatus enigmaticus biogenic reefs p
6. Sublittoral sediments
6.1 Donax trunculus in infralittoral coarse sands CR
6.2 Chamelea gallina, Lentidium mediterraneum and Lucinella divaricata in shallow clean sands p
6.3 Lentidium mediterraneum in shallow fine sands CR
6.4 Solen marginatus in sheltered nifralittoral fine sands CR
6.5 Branchiostoma lanceolatum, Protodorvillea kefersteini and Ophelia limacina in circalittoral coarse sand with shell gravel X
6.6 Mytilus galloprovincialis beds on coarse sand with shell gravel p
6.7 Phyllophora nervosa on shell gravel p
6.8 Modiolus adriaticus, Aonides paucibranchiata and Gouldia minima in coarse sands p
6.9 Mya arenaria in sands and muddy sands p
6.10 Anadara inequivalvis on sands and muddy sands p
6.11 Zostera meadows in lower shore or infralittoral clean or muddy sand CR
6.12 Melinna palmata in infralittoral mud p
6.13 [Abra alba] [Cardiidae]and [Mytilus] in infralittoral mud  
6.14 Mya arenaria and Mytilus galloprovincialis in infralittoral mud p
6.15 Nephthys in infralittoral mud p
6.16 [Mytilus galloprovincialis] beds in infralitoral and circalittoral mud CR
6.17 Spisula subtruncata and Aricidea claudiae in circalittoral mud X
6.18 Modiolula phaseolina, Amphiura stepanovi and Notomastus profundus in circalittoral mud p
6.19 Pachycerianthus solitarius in circalittoral mud p
6.20 Periazoic zone p
6.21 Anoxic H2S zone with anaerobic sulphate reducing bacteria p
7. Submarine structures made by leaking gases
7.1 Circalittoral carbonate structures around methane seeps p
7.2 Infralittoral shallow sulphide seeps p

II.15.2. Habitats critical to the survival, reproduction and recovery of threatened species of flora or fauna

1. Coarse mediolittoral sands with Donacilla cornea

2. Pholas dactylus and/or Barnea candida in infralittoral soft rock.

3. Association with Cystoseira spp. on exposed or moderately exposed infralittoral bedrock and boulders

4. Corallina turfs on very exposed mediolittoral rock

5. Sublittoral sands with Donax trunculus, Chamelea gallina, Lentidium mediterraneum and Lucinella divaricata

6. Facies with Mytilus galloprovincialis on exposed or moderately exposed infralittoral rock - vertical or bedrock

7. Mytilus galloprovincialis beds in infralitoral and circalittoral mud

8. Mytilus galloprovincialis on coarse sand with shelly gravel;

II.16. ICZM: Progress in the Implementation of ICZM (National reporting)

II.16.1. 15 Years of ICZM in the Black Sea Region

This section was prepared by E. Antonidze (Chairman of ICZM Advisory Group of the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution), Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation.

Introduction

Black Sea (BS) coastal zone covers territories of coastal administrative units of Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey and Ukraine. Naturally the Black Sea coast is bordered by a high mountain range on the north-east (Caucasus) and south (Kackar, etc.) and wide valleys on the north and west. Big rivers fall into the sea (Danube, Dniepr, Dniestr, Don and Kuban). The influence of the last two rivers on the sea basin is indirect through the relatively isolated Azov Sea. The mountains are covered with forest and semi-forest vegetation, large areas are under shrubs. The plains on the northern part of the coast are under artificially cultivated steppes.

 

The Black Sea coastal zone is rich with natural and historic sights. Specially protected areas of different types preserve lakes and limans, which are habitats for many transmigrating birds. Unique steppes and mountain forests with large variety of rare and endemic species of flora and fauna are present. There are archaeological and historic monuments of antique and Byzantine times, of Middle ages and New times. In all Black sea countries the coastal zone is well developed.

 

Management of complex systems requires integrated approach which allows rationally and in a coordinated way to bring together numerous contradicting and overlapping interests. The Black Sea countries have reached a consensus on the necessity of reconstruction of existing management systems in compliance with ICZM principles in the Odessa Declaration (1993), Strategic Action Plan (1996) and in the new Startegic Action Plan for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea which was adopted in April 2009 (all published on www.blacksea-commission.org, Table of Legal Documents).

 

The history of ICZM in the Black Sea region started following the signing of the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest Convention, 1992). ICZM activities were launched within the Black Sea Environmental Program (BSEP) funded by GEF and jointly managed by UNDP, UNEP, World Bank and European Unions PHARE and TACIS programmes in the period 1993-2007.

 

ICZM achievements 1993 - 2007

 

In 1993 for the implementation of the ICZM component of the Black Sea Environmental Program an Activity Center on Development of Common Methodologies for ICZM (ICZM Activity Center) was established in Krasnodar (Russian Federation) by order of the Minister of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation and with the support of Black Sea Environment Program (BSEP, 1993-1997, GEF/UNDP). Experts of the Center with support of international consultants initiated the introduction of ICZM principles in the Black Sea region. Relevant activities were carried out within several international projects, such as BSEP (1993-1999), EU TACIS - PHARE/EuropeAid (in three phases: 1995-training, 1998-2000, 2002-2004), Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project (BSERP, 2002 - 2007, GEF/UNDP).

ICZM initiation

 

During phase I of BSEP (1993-1997) three ICZM Workshops were held with participation of representatives of all Black Sea countries and the Black Sea ICZM network was created. There was a constant exchange of experience, for capacity building specialists were trained (World Bank training on ICZM, Sustainable Development and Sustainable Tourism, Bulgaria, Varna, 1995).

 

The main achievements of BSEP Phase I were:

-  ICZM Activity Center was established with trained staff, a number of consultants were involved in the activity of the Center, equipment was supplied;

-  ICZM concept, methodology and tools were presented and distributed at governmental and local levels; authorities and experts were involved in ICZM implementation;

-  Guidelines for defining of National Coastal Zone Boundaries were approved, National Boundaries of coastal zones were defined in all 6 countries;

-  National ICZM Reports were prepared; the actual situation, problems, priorities in ICZM development were presented;

 

Based on ICZM National Reports the ICZM Activity Center prepared Report on ICZM in the Black Sea Region. It was the first assessment of this kind in the region. The document was used in preparation of the Black Sea Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (1996) and Strategic Action Plan for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Black Sea (1996).

 

Spatial Planning Methodology

 

Since 1995 the EC has provided technical assistance to BSEP, especially through Phase I and Phase II of the TACIS project (1995, 1997, 1998-2000) and PHARE.. In 1995 a number of training courses and workshops on ICZM, EIA and Ecological Audit were organized for different experts in Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine.Under the TACIS umbrella in 1998 - 2000 the following important documents were published:

 

   Policy of Coastal Defense for the Azov and Black Seas (manual for scientists, brochure for managers and booklet for the wider public). All documents were presented at a Russian-Georgian-Ukrainian Workshop in 1999.

   Analysis of legislation in ICZM field and proposals on its improvement (for Russia and Ukraine);

   Perspectives of Sustainable Tourism Development (special research was implemented for the Russian resort Gelendzhik and Ukrainian resort Malaya Yalta);

   Coastal Code of Conduct for the Azov and Black Seas (developed for Russia and Ukraine based on the experience of the European Coastal Code of Conduct);

   Solid Wastes Management in Coastal Zones;

   Methodology of Spatial Planning for the Coastal Zones;

 

The Black Sea ICZM Activity Center benefitted very much from international experience, its experts were provided with additional training in 1998-2000 during a Study Tour in the Netherlands and Great Britain.

 

Implementation of ICZM principles and instruments attained special significance after the adoption of the Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of Europe (30 January 2002) based on recommendation of the Committee of Ministers to Member States of the European Union:

 

5. Coastal and island regions

58. Europes coastal regions are not only sensitive natural heritage areas but also important focuses of economic and commercial activities, prime locations for industry and energy conversion, a starting point for the exploitation of maritime and underwater resources and particularly attractive areas for tourism.

59. Since such a range of activities in coastal strips can generate numerous conflicts, an integrated and sustainable spatial development policy, covering not only the coastal strip but also the hinterland, is essential for such regions. The concept of the integrated management of coastal areas is intended to take into account the interaction between economic activities and social and environmental requirements when making use of natural resources in coastal areas and hence facilitate the decision-making process in assessing investments. Integrated coastal management should be a systematic component of regional planning at the various levels concerned. Cross-border and transnational co-operation beyond the sea are of particular importance in this respect.

 

Main objective of the BS Methodology for Spatial Planning in Coastal Zones is the elaboration of a balanced, integrated and sustainable development plan. The aim of balance is achieved when two contradictory issues are resolved simultaneously: land use area zoning, with its normative and legal basis for further development, and allocation of social and economic development areas, taking into account the nature conservation policy as a priority.

 

Spatial planning is aimed at the recovery and conservation of nature potential together with securing the rights of the local population for a better existence. It requires systematic assessments of the state of natural components (air, water resources, flora, fauna, etc.) as well as that of potential anthropogenic effects on the environment stemming from alternative models of land use at certain economic and social conditions. Based on the assessments, best land use options can be selected and adopted. Therefore, ecosystem assessment is a major instrument in ICZM Spatial Planning. giving a detailed overview of the natural resources, their use, importance and vulnerability. The importance and vulnerability are assessed on a scale from one to three. The following definitions are used:

 

Natural Component Importance Combined properties of the natural component identifying its importance to preserve the qualities and features aimed at being used in accordance with its target function. Scale 1 low, 2 - average, 3 - high

Natural Component Target Function - Main function of the natural component in the general natural system.

High Importance Natural Component - Natural component with very high importance identifying the necessity to take strong measures aimed at preservation of its features and qualities (3 points).

Low Importance Natural Component - Natural component which could be used for the economic development with possible change of its features and qualities. (1 point)

Natural Component Vulnerability Changeability of natural component features and qualities under the influence of external factors. Scale 1 - low, 2 - average, 3 - high

High Vulnerability Natural Component - Highly vulnerable natural component, its features and qualities can be changed severely by minor influence of external factors. (3 points)

Low Vulnerability Natural Component Natural component highly resistant to external influence. It can be additionally loaded without strong change of its features and qualities. (1 point)

 

The principal stages within Functional zoning are given in Figure 1.

 

Based on the Spatial Planning Methodology two ICZM pilot projects were implemented for the resorts Malaya Yalta (Ukraine, Azov Sea coast) and Gelendzhik (Russia, Black Sea coast) in 1998-2000 withinTACIS project, and proposals for development of spatial plans were prepared. Assessment of importance and sensitivity of natural components (water, soil, vegetation, fauna, sea environment) was carried out, natural and administrative restrictions for land use were identified, ecological and inter-sectoral conflicts were revealed and solutions were proposed. Based on this research, a strategy for sustainable tourism was developed for the recreational zone of Malaya Yalta and Gelendzhik Resort. The TACIS pilot projects revealed the advantages and disadvantages of the Methodology and later it was improved within the framework of the EuropeAid project (2002 - 2004). Based on the adjusted Methodology another Pilot project for the Gelendzhik Resort was implemented. The Scheme of Functional Zoning for the Gelendzhik Resort is given in Figure 2.

Figure II.16.1.1. Stages within Functional Zoning

Figure II.16.1.2. Scheme of Functional Zoning for the Resort Gelendzhik

Results of this work have been highly commended and decision was taken to improve Methodology taking into account lessons learned. One of the components within the next EuropeAid project Technical Assistance to the Black Sea Environmental Program (2002 - 2004) included the development of the following documents:

-  Black Sea Regional ICZM Strategy and Action Plan;

-  Guidelines For Preparation of National Codes of Conduct For Coastal Zones of Black Sea States;

-  ICZM Tools and Techniques (Best practices);

-  Methodology of Spatial Planning for Coastal zones;

-  ICZM Pilot Project in Gelendzhik;

-  Glossary of ICZM Legal Terms;

-  Legislative improvement and distribution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All documents mentioned above, as well as the detailed description of the ICZM Pilot Project for the Gelendzhik Resort can be found on the web-site of the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution http://www.blacksea-commission.org in the section of the ICZM Advisory Group.

 

The Experience derived from 10-years of work was utilized and developed further within the framework of the UNDP-GEF Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project (BSERP) 2002 - 2007. There was a series of ICZM-related activities supported/implemented within BSERP.

 

Black Sea ICZM Strategy

 

Draft Regional Black Sea Strategy on ICZM was developed by the ICZM Activity Center with a technical support from the EuropeAid Project Technical Assistance to the Black Sea Environmental Program. The Black Sea Commission approved the Strategy during its 11th Meeting (November 2004). The Commission decided to commence official consultations in the Contracting Parties at the inter-ministerial level.

 

A Comparative Analysis between the Draft Regional Black Sea ICZM Strategy and the EU Policies has been prepared in 2005 by BSERP. As a follow-up, in support to the national consultations process for the adoption of the Draft ICZM Regional Strategy a Questionnaire on National Comments on the ICZM related Articles of the BS SAP and the Draft Regional ICZM Strategy was developed.

 

After analysis of national comments the following conclusions were made:

-  Legal framework and management instruments, as well as inter-sectoral committees are needed in all Black Sea countries to facilitate ICZM implementation;

-  Romania is the only Black Sea Country where legal framework and management instruments, as well as inter-sectoral committees have been developed and enforced;

-  ICZM Guidelines are needed and they have to be developed in a separate document/set of documents;

-  The Black Sea ICZM Strategic Action Plan should be incorporated in the overall Black Sea Strategic Action Plan;

-  ICZM Protocol to the Black Sea Convention should be developed and adopted;

 

ICZM Pilot Project in Turkey (2007)

 

Another ICZM Pilot Project was realized in 2007 with support of BSERP by specialists of the Istanbul Technical University. The main task of this project was again testing the BS Methodology on Spatial Planning for Coastal Zones, but in Turkey. Akakoca municipality was chosen as a pilot region (Black Sea coast of Turkey).

 

This testing of the Methodology highlighted its potential and benefits as well as some critical conditions, limitations or constraints in implementation in Turkey. They were as follows:

 

-  The lack of national strategy and development plan for coastal areas has hindered the realization of ICZM in Turkey;

-  Insufficient data on coastal marine environment;

-  For successful implementation the project needed longer period than the provided 6 months.

 

Besides, the implementation of the Pilot Project in Akakoca contributed to increasing the awareness of stakeholders from the national to local levels. Overall evaluation of this study showed that the Methodology on Spatial Planning had a great potential in outlining the multi-dimensional structure of the coastal zone management, in describing the conflicting interests and in developing of an integrated management model.

 

Figure II.16.1.3. Functional Zoning of Akakoca District

E
 

 

 

During the evaluation process different zones of Akakoca region were identified:

K: the most developed area.

A: area with predominance of agriculture, forestry, recreation and tourism.

B: area of agriculture and forestry.

C: highly dense rural settlements; area of agriculture and natural tourism.

D: area of coastal tourism and recreation supported by agriculture, forestry and transportation.

E: area of agriculture and forestry. Area of intersectoral conflict agriculture - forestry.

F: area is not suitable for the human activities; environmental protection and forestry are recommended.

G: forestry is recommended for this area.

H: area with the soil affected by agricultural activities. Forestry and environmental protection combined with soil improvement activities are recommended.

 

The study revealed main conflicts between different land-uses, general social and economic trends, and general behaviour model of the Akakoca inhabitants. It was obvious that the existing conflicts could not be solved in the short term. The project team recommended to carry out further longer-term study to discuss alternative and sustainable ways of the district development, certain social programs, training activities, etc. for the local authorities and stakeholders. The latter activities were proposed to stimulate public awareness of inhabitants as an essential part of ICZM.

 

The Methodology was tested also within the new EU (TACIS) Project on Environmental Collaboration for the Black Sea (2006-2009). ICZM Pilot Project was realized in Georgia in Tskhaltsminda village, a coastal community of Supsa municipality, District of Landskhuti in the Region of Guria. The Project was focused on two main goals:

 

testing assumption of ICZM strategy at the local level and facilitating sustainable coastal community development in Tskhaltsminda village;

development of ICZM Spatial Plan for the Tskhaltsminda village.

 

The spatial planning methodology has proven its value in Tskhaltminda , Georgia as in previous pilot projects. It was successfully used for conflicts resolution and illustration of opportunities for the village development.

 

Feasibility Study on ICZM Instrument to the Bucharest Convention

 

It was recognised that the definition of legal provisions for ICZM in the Black Sea region was an area requiring special attention from the Contracting Parties of the Bucharest Convention. A feasibility study for an ICZM protocol to the Convention was undertaken (financially supported by BSERP). The study was based also on evaluation of experience in preparation of ICZM protocol by other regional seas conventions. The objectives developed (Vinogradov S., 2007) were as follows:

 

-    To provide an overview of all existing documents relevant to coastal zone management in the Black Sea at national and international levels;

-    To make use of the experiences of other Conventions, in particular in the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas;

-    To evaluate the implementation of the existing protocols to the Bucharest Convention;

-    To demonstrate whether a legally binding instrument to the existing convention will be helpful and/or sufficient to meet the objectives of the ICZM regional strategy, to assure better coastal management in the Black Sea countries;

-    To identify and assess at least 3 options for an ICZM document;

-    To identify and justify the most feasible solution.

 

After a comprehensive analysis, a two-step approach was recommended:

-    Short-medium term (next 2-5 years) - adoption and implementation of the suggested combination of ICZM instruments: ICZM Declaration, Code of Practice and Action Plan.

-    Long-term (5-10 years) elaboration of an ICZM protocol to the Bucharest Convention.

 

 

Black Sea Commission ICZM Advisory Group

 

The Black Sea Commission (BSC) is the inter-governmental organization responsible for the implementation of the Convention for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest Convention), its four Protocols and Strategic Action Plan, aiming at preserving the Black Sea ecosystem as a valuable natural endowment of the region, whilst ensuring the protection of its marine and coastal living resources as a condition for sustainable development of the Black Sea coastal states, well-being, health and security of their population. The Permanent Secretariat of the BSC started functioning in 2000. One of its subsidiary bodies is the ICZM Advisory Group, which actively supports the ICZM activities of the BSC. The group is responsible for the annual ICZM report of the BSC (published on www.blacksea-commission.org, without public access for the moment), submitting also regularly data on the state of the coast and development of ICZM in the Black Sea states. The reported annually data covers development of policy/legislation, projects and different ICZM indicators in the fields and sectors of: Population and Geography, Energy, Water and wastewater, Biodiversity, Coastal erosion, Economy, Tourism, Soild waste management, Agriculture, Industry, Transport and Climate.

 

The ICZM AG accepted in 2007 to measure the implementation of ICZM in the Black Sea region using the Progress Marker Set (http://www.eucc.net/en/policy/index.htm), elaborated by EUCC-the Coastal Union. The results of the investigation were published in the SAP Implementation report of the BSC 2002-2007 (www.blacksea-commission.org) showing good progress in the region during the last 5 years in coastal planning/management and development of legal/policy framework for ICZM at the national level, reflected in more sustainable use of the Black Sea coasts and resources of coastal waters.

 

Conclusions

 

The economic and environmental situation in the Black Sea region is associated with certain problems but also with a great variety of possibilities for development. The Bucharest Convention laid the grounds for the implementation of ICZM in the Black Sea Region. Integrated Coastal Zone Management is also recognised in the new Strategic Action Plan for the rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea (adopted in April 2009) as the main instrument to achieve sustainable development in the region through the involvement of all stakeholders.

 

Based on 15 years of experience, we can now measure not only the accomplishments in ICZM, but also to outline the next steps to be undertaken. The Black Sea states showed considerable progress in coastal planning and management leading to more sustainable use of the coastal zone. However, stronger political support is needed for the ICZM process and long-term financial commitment. Crucial step should be the development or further development of ICZM legislation at the Black Sea national and regional levels. New ICZM pilot projects should be initiated, as they offer unique opportunities for enhancing ICZM expertise using and improving the available BS spatial planning methodology and ICZM strategy. Information exchange on best available practices should be more actively pursued in the region. The region should also agree on and use regularly a coherent system of indicators for an integral assessment of the Black Sea coastal zones state and implementation of ICZM.

 

References

 

Bosch R., (1999) Spatial planning and Coastal Code of Conduct as instruments in ICZM, MEDCOAST 99 - EMECS 99, Joint Conference, Land- Ocean Interactions: Managing Coastal Ecosystems, 9 - 13 November 1999; Antalya, Turkey, pp. 1061-1068

 

Guiding Principles for Sustainable Spatial Development of the European Continent (2002), Recommendation (2002) 1 by the Committee of Ministers to Member States. The Council of Europes European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional/Spatial Planning (CEMAT)

 

Functional Zoning for the Territory of Gelendzhik Resort. Pilot Project (2004), EuropeAid Technical Assistance to the Black Sea Environmental Programme, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

 

Methodology of Spatial Planning for the Coastal Zone (2000), TACIS Funds for the Black Sea, Environmental Programme, Component ICZM, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

 

Summary Report on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in the Black Sea Region (1996), GEF Black Sea Environmental Program, World Bank.

 

Testing of Methodology On Spatial Planning for ICZM. Akakoca District Pilot Project (2007). UNDP-GEF Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project, Phase II, Istanbul Technical University.

 

Vinogradov S., (2007), A Feasibility Study For the ICZM Instrument to the 1992 Bucharest Convention. UNDP-GEF Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project, Phase II

 

Yarmak L., (2004), Methodology for Spatial Planning within Integrated Coastal Zone Management, EuropeAid Technical Assistance to the Black Sea Environmental Programme, Krasnodar, Russian Federation

 

 

 

List of abbreviations

 

BSEP - Black Sea Environmental Program

BSERP - Black Sea Ecosystem Recovery Project

BS SAP - Black Sea Strategic Action Plan (1996)

EU - European Union

GEF - Global Environmental Facility

ICZM - Integrated Coastal Zone Management

TACIS - Technical Assistance to Commonwealth of Independent States

UNDP - United Nations Development Program

UNEP - United Nations Environmental Program

 

II.16.2. Indicators for Measuring Progress in the Implementation of ICZM (Progress markers)

Bulgaria

Country: BULGARIA Region: VARNA, BOURGAS, DOBRICH Local area: 18 coastal municipalities

Phase Action Description Local National Regional
      2000 2005 2000 2005 2000 2005
  Aspects of coastal planning and management are in place 1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues. 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone (but do not) AND THEY treat it as a distinct and separate entity. 1 1 1 1 1 1
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas, are regularly monitored. 1 1 1 1 1 1
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas. 1 1 1 1 1 1
   A framework exists for taking ICZM forward 6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues. 1 1 1 1 1 1
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast. 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out. 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues. 1 1 1 1 1 1
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM. 1 1 1 1 1 1
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place. 1 1 1 1 1 1
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone. 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Most aspects of an ICZM approach to planning and managing the coast are in place and functioning reasonably well 13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved. 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years. 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan.  0 0 0 0 0 0
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone. 1 1 1 1 1 1
17 A non-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented. 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government. 1 1 1 1 1 1
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea. 1 1 1 1 1 1
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law.  1 1 1 1 1 1
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions. 1 1 1 1 1 1
  An efficient, adaptive and integrative process is embedded at all levels of governance and is delivering greater sustainable useof the coast 25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process. 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries. 1 1 1 1 1 1
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation. 1 1 1 1 1 1
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions. 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance. 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a more sustainable use of coastal and marine resources. 1 1 1 1 1 1

 

 

 

Georgia

Country: GEORGIA Region: Generic Treatment Local area: Generic Treatment

Note: Time milestones for measuring the progress with ICZM indicators corresponds to joint Ministerial meetings and international cooperative actions (Odessa Declaration 1993, Istanbul Black Sea Strategic Action Plan 1996, Sofia Declaration 2002, and 2008).

  Phase Action National Regional Local
        1993 1996 2002 2008 1993 2002 2008 1993 1996 2002 2008
  Not attained   Partially Attained   Attained   + upgrade- downgrade
Aspects of coastal planning and management are in place 1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 0 0 0 1+[3] 0 0 1+[4]         +[5]
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues.     1+[6] 0-[7]       1+[8]        
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone but do not treat it as a distinct and separate entity.       1+3     1+[9] 1+[10]       +[11]
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas, are regularly monitored.                        
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas.             +2 +8        
A framework exists for taking ICZM forward 6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues.                        
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast.     +[12] -[13]     +[14]       +[15] +[16]
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out.   +[17] +[18]       +[19]          
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues.     +4 -5                
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM.                       +[20]
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place.     +[21] +[22]                
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone.       +[23]   +[24]            
Most aspectsof an ICZM approach to planning and managing the coast are in place and functioning reasonably well 13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved.                        
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years.                        
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan.             +7 +8        
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone.                        
17 A non-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented.     +19 +20                
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government.                        
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM.   +[25] +[26] -[27]       +[28]        
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea.             +7 +8        
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law.               +8        
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place.                        
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone.                        
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions.                        
An efficient, adaptive and integrative process is embedded at all levels of governance and is delivering greater sustainable useof the coast 25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process.   +[29] -[30]                  
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries.                        
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation.       +[31]                
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM.     +10                  
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions.                        
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance.                        
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a more sustainable use of coastal and marine resources.               +[32]        

 

Romania

Country: ROMANIA Region: Black Sea Local area : Romanian coastal zone - Constanta &Tulcea area

Phase Action Description Local National Regional
      2000 2005 2000 2005 2000 2005
  Aspects of coastal planning and management are in place 1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 0 1 0 1 0 0
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues. 0 1 0 1 0 1
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone but do 0t treat it as a distinct and separate entity. 0 1 1 1 0 0
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas, are regularly monitored. 1 1 1 1 1 1
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas. 1 1 1 1 1 1
   A framework exists for taking ICZM forward 6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues. 0 1 0 1 0 0
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast. 0 1 0 1 0 1
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out. 0 1 0 1 0 1
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues. 0 1 0 1 1 1
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM. 1 1 1 1 1 1
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place. 0 1(draft) 0 1(draft) 0 0
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone. 0 0 0 1(draft methodologies on specific issues) 0 0
 Most aspects of an ICZM approach to planning and managing the coast are in place and functioning reasonably well 13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved. 0 0 1 1 1
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years. 0 1(State of coast environment) 0 1(State of coast environment) 0 1
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan.  0 0 0 0 0 0
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 A 0n-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented. 0 1(Draft) 0 1(Draft) 0 0
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government. 0 1 0 1 1 1
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM. 0 1 0 1 0 0
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea. 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law.  0 0 0 0 0 0
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone. 0 1 0 1 0 1
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions. 0 1 0 1 0 0
  An efficient, adaptive and integrative process is embedded at all levels of governance and is delivering greater sustainable useof the coast 25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process. 0 1 0 1 1 1
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries. 0 1 0 1 1 1
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation. 0 1 0 1 0 0
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions. 0 1 0 1 1 1
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance. 0 1 0 1 0 0
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a more sustainable use of coastal and marine resources. 1 1 1 1 1 1

Russian Federation

Country: Russian Federation; Region: Black Sea Local area : Krasnodar krai, Sochi, Tuapse, Gelendzhik

Phase Action Description Local Regional National
      2000 2005 2000 2000 2005 2000
Aspects of coastal planning and management are in place 1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 0 1 0 0 1 0
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone but do not treat it as a distinct and separate entity. 0 1 0 0 1 0
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas, are regularly monitored. 0 1 0 0 1 0
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas. 0 1 0 0 1 0
A framework exists for taking ICZM forward 6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues. 0 1 0 0 1 0
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast. 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out. 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Most aspects of an ICZM approach to planning and managing the coast are in place and functioning reasonably well 13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved. 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years. 0 0 1 0 0 1
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan.  0 0 0 0 0 0
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone. 0 1 0 0 1 0
17 A non-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented. 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government. 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea. 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law.  0 0 0 0 0 0
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone.            
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions. 0 1 0 0 1 0
  An efficient, adaptive and integrative process is embedded at all levels of governance and is delivering greater sustainable useof the coast 25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process. 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries. 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation. 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions. 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance. 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a more sustainable use of coastal and marine resources. 0 0 0 0 0 0

Turkey

Country :TURKEY Region : BLACK SEA Local area: Any local area in the region

Phase Action Description Local National Regional
      2000 2005 2000 2005 2000 2005
  Aspects of coastal planning and management are in place 1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 0 0 0 0 0
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 0 0
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone but do not treat it as a distinct and separate entity. 1 1 0 0 0 1
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas, are regularly monitored. 0 0 0 0 0
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas. 1 1 1 1 1
   A framework exists for taking ICZM forward 6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues. 0 0 0 0 0
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast. 0 0 0 0 0
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out. 0 0 0 0 0
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 0 0
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place. 0 1 1 1 1
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0
 Most aspects of an ICZM approach to planning and managing the coast are in place and functioning reasonably well 13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved. 0 0 0 0 0
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years. 0 0 0 0 0
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan.  0 0 0 0 0
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0
17 A non-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented. 0 0 0 0 0
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government. 0 0 0 0 0
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea. 1 1 0 0 0 0
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law.  1 1 0 0 0 0
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place. 0 0 0 0 0
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions. 0 0 0 0 0
  An efficient, adaptive and integrative process is embedded at all levels of governance and is delivering greater sustainable useof the coast 25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process. 0 0 0 0 0
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries. 0 0 0 0 0
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation. 0 0 0 0 0
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions. 0 0 0 0 0
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance. 0 0 0 0 0
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a more sustainable use of coastal and marine resources. 0 0 0 0 0

 

Ukraine

Phase Action Description Local National Regional
      2000 2005 2000 2005 2000 2005
Aspects ofcoastalplanningandmanagementare in place  1 Decisions about planning and managing the coast are governed by general legal instruments. 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 Sectoral stakeholders meet on an ad hoc basis to discuss specific coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 1 0 0
3 There are spatial development plans which include the coastal zone but do not treat it as a distinct and separate entity. 0 1 0 1(Law on General Scheme of planning of the territory of Ukraine, 2002) 0 1
4 Aspects of the coastal zone, including marine areas are regularly monitored. 1 1 1 1 (State Inspection of Black and Azov Seas) 1 1
5 Planning on the coast includes the statutory protection of natural areas. 1 1 1 1 1 1
Aframeworkexists fortakingICZMforward  6 Existing instruments are being adapted and combined to deal with coastal planning and management issues. 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 Adequate funding is usually available for undertaking actions on the coast. 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 A stocktake of the coast (identifying who does what, where and how) has been carried out. 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 There is a formal mechanism whereby stakeholders meet regularly to discuss a range of coastal and marine issues. 0 0 0 1 (Commission of Black and Azov Seas under the Law on Programme) 0 0
10 Ad hoc actions on the coast are being carried out that include recognisable elements of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 A sustainable development strategy which includes specific references to coasts and seas is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Guidelines have been produced by national, regional or local governments which advise planning authorities on appropriate uses of the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Most aspectsof an ICZMapproach toplanningandmanagingthe coast arein place andfunctioningreasonablywell  13 All relevant parties concerned in the ICZM decision-making process have been identified and are involved. 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 A report on the State of the Coast has been written with the intention of repeating the exercise every five or ten years. 1 1 ( Report of Inspection of Black and Azov Seas) 1 ( Report of Inspection of Black and Azov Seas) 1 1 1
15 There is a statutory coastal zone management plan. 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 Strategic Environmental Assessments are used commonly to examine policies, strategies and plans for the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 A non-statutory coastal zone management strategy has been drawn up and an action plan is being implemented. 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 There are open channels of communication between those responsible for the coast at all levels of government. 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 Each administrative level has at least one member of staff whose sole responsibility is ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Statutory development plans span the interface between land and sea. 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 Spatial planning of sea areas is required by law. 0 0 0 0 0 0
22 A properly staffed and properly funded partnership of coastal and marine stakeholders is in place. 0 0 0 0 0 0
23 ICZM partnerships are consulted routinely about proposals to do with the coastal zone. 0 0 0 0 0 0
24 Adequate mechanisms are in place to allow coastal communities to take a participative role in ICZM decisions. 0 0 0 0 0 0
An efficient,adaptiveandintegrativeprocess isembedded atall levels ofgovernanceand isdeliveringgreatersustainableuseof the coast  25 There is strong, constant and effective political support for the ICZM process. 0 0 1 1 0 1
26 There is routine (rather than occasional) cooperation across coastal and marine boundaries. 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 A comprehensive set of coastal and marine indicators is being used to assess progress towards a more sustainable situation. 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 A long-term financial commitment is in place for the implementation of ICZM. 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 End users have access to as much information of sufficient quality as they need to make timely, coherent and well-crafted decisions. 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 Mechanisms for reviewing and evaluating progress in implementing ICZM are embedded in governance. 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Monitoring shows a demonstrable trend towards a sustainable use of coastal and marine resources. 0 0 0 0 0 0

 

II.17. Supporting Figures

Nutrient loads

Figure II.17.1.a Nutrient loads for all reported rivers to the BSC (TDA, 2007)

Figure 1 .b Nutrient loads of the Danube River stemming to the Black Sea (TDA, 2007)

Figure 1 .c Long Term Variability of the Average Annual Nutrient Concentrations in the surface (a and c) and bottom (b and d) waters of the western and eastern parts of the NWBS (1 - phosphates; 2 inorganic forms of the nitrogen and 3 - organic form of the nitrogen)

Source: ESTIMATION OF THE ECOLOGICAL STATE OF THE NORTH-WESTERN PART OF THE BLACK SEA, I. Loyeva, I. Orlova, N. Pavlenko, ,Yu. Popov, V. Ukrainskiy, Yu. Denga, V. Komorin, V. Lepeskin, Proceeding of the 1st biannual scientific conference of the Black Sea Commission, 2008 (in print, Ukrainian Scientific Center of Sea Ecology.) (Taken from the National Gap Analysis Report, 2007)

 

 

 

 

 

Atmospheric Pollution

Figure II.17.2 a. Atmospheric pollution: Trends in emissions and depositions of oxidised sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen. Units: Gg(S) or Gg (N).

Bulgaria

 

Georgia

Romania

 

Russian Federation

Turkey

 

Ukraine

 

Figure II.17.2 .b Atmospheric pollution: Comparison of CO2 emissions of 1990 and 2004 according UNDP-HDR

 

Figure II.17.2.c. Atmospheric pollution: Deposition of airborne Cd, Hg and Pb to the Black Sea Basin (Source: EMEP, http://www.msceast.org/countries/seas/seas_index.html)

Cadmium Mercury Lead

 

Waste Waters

Figure II.17.3. Urban and Rural Population connected to sewage treatment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Ship inspections

Figure II.17.4. Number of ship inspections performed by BS States

 

 

 

Note: The system of Russia for counting non-compliance is not number of ships, but number of detected inconsistencies with requirements, they can be many per ship.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dredged spoils

Figure II.17.5. Volume of dumped dredged spoils (m3) in Romania, Russian Federation and Ukraine in 1996-2006.

 

 

Oil spills

Figure II.17.6. A. Number of oil spills in 2005 and 2006 (ESAS AG Annual Report, 2007)


Transportation of hazardous substances

Figure II.17.6.B. Amount of hazardous substances transported via the Istanbul strait in 1996-2006 (data of the TU Ministry of Environment and Forestry)

 

Fishery, Cetaceans, protected areas

Figure II.17.7. Total capture production of main fish species (pelagıc (A) and demersal (B)) in the Black Sea during 1989 -2005 (FOMLR AG Annual Report, 2007)

A
 
B
 

Bulgaria

Capture Production 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Average
Rapana 3 800 4 015.8 3 353.4 698.0 324.0 2 427.9 510.9 2 161.5
Black Sea Mussel     6.5 55.0 15.1 33.7 10.4 24.1

Figure II.17.8. Results of special investigations of population sizes of the three Black Sea cetaceans (Alexei Birkun, CBD AG Annual Report, 2007)

 

Figure II.17.9. Protected areas in the Black Sea by country

 



[1] Population of Dzoubga is 5,200 people. WWTP exists and complies with Existing standards

[2] Bulgaria and Turkey do not report on dumping

[3] Draft ICZM legislation prepared but not under formal consultation yet.

[4] Kolkheti National Park (KNP) legislation enacted in 1999 (but not yet enforced in its entirety).

[5] Shoreline management strips delimited (and approved); General Scheme for the Black Sea Coast of Georgia developed (but not approved yet).

[6] ICZM State Consultative Commission established by Presidential Decree (but irregular meetings; no decision-making power).

[7] ICZM State Consultative Commission abolished (ICZM Working Group reactivated, but still at inception stage).

[8] Kolkheti National Park (KNP) Advisory Council established in 2005 (irregular meetings; no decision-making power, only advisory and consultative role).

[9] Preparation of the statutory KNP management plan initiated with substantial spatial planning/zoning component ( of Georgian CZ).

[10] Kolkheti Protected Areas (KPA) (KNP and Kobuleti Nature Reserve/KNR) management plans approved by the Ministry of Environment.

[11] Local zoning plans prepared for several coastal settlements but not yet approved statutorily (Kobuleti, Batumi, Poti).

[12] WB/GEF funded Georgia ICM Project (GICMP) appraised (1999) and implementation completed (2007).

[13] GICMP finalized; small scale ICZM funding bridged by EU project ICZM component.

[14] GICMP included component for Kolkheti wetlands establishment and management which can be considered as a regional initiative.

[15] Small community grant scheme was developed and international funding secured for 30 communities around the Kolkheti protected areas.

[16] EU funded project ICZM component provides certain minor resources for the local ICZM pilot project (Tskaltsminda).

[17] National ICZM Report prepared in 1996.

[18] ICZM component of GICMP undertook socio-economic assessment and other stocktaking tasks for Georgias coastal zone management.

[19] KNP stakeholder analysis undertaken.

[20] ICZM Demonstration projects implemented in Kobuleti (combining community development, beach management and coastal/wetland interpretation).

[21] National ICZM Policies and Strategies document prepared, certain strategic actions implemented but others remain pending.

[22] ICZM Policy note and ICZM Work Program prepared and submitted for consideration of high level decision-makers / National Coastal Strategy is under preparation.

[23] ICZM Guidelines prepared and endorsed by the Minister of Environment but implementation is at early stage of development.

[24] Kolkheti Wetlands management planning guidelines produced and implemented (Georgia joined Ramsar Convention, established KNP).

[25] National ICZM Focal Point designated.

[26] ICZM Centre established in charge of implementing GICMP project.

[27] ICZM Centre dissolved. National ICZM Focal Point remains designated. Reportedly Monitoring and Prognosis Center has ICZM staff with certain experience.

[28] Adjara Department of Natural Resources designated ICZM personnel, functions are yet limited. KNP administration could be considered as in charge of Kolkheti coast.

[29] Regional Black Sea Action Plan signed, Georgia joined Ramsar Convention and designated Kolkheti wetlands, Georgia ICZM Program initiated.

[30] Due to certain coastal developments and changes in the Governments policy directions support to integrated management approaches dwindled and remains subdued.

[31] Annual national reports are being prepared for Black Sea Commission. ICZM progress indicator tool was adopted as well and national reporting initiated.

[32] Despite several drawbacks Kolkheti protected areas are functioning and contributing to improved protection of coastal resources.